In 1950, the Coronado Club opened on Sandia Base (later merged into Kirtland Air Force Base) near Albuquerque. The Club served as a social and recreational club for employees of what were then known as Sandia Laboratory and the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC). Albuquerque was about 6 miles away from the Sandia site and many employees lived on Base. The Club played a key role in the social lives of Sandians and local AEC employees during the succeeding decades, until, gradually, Albuquerque grew, and employees found recreational and social gathering spots throughout the city. In 2004, after several years of declining membership and participation, the Coronado Club closed.
In early 1949, construction began on an AEC Community Center for AEC and Sandia employees. Shortly after, a task force formed to define use and operation of the building. A naming contest—won by Sandian Felix Padilla—designated it the Coronado Club. By the spring of 1950, the Club had a Board of Directors. A membership drive ensued, reaching over 1000 members by the grand opening on June 9, 1950. By agreement with Sandia Corporation, the Coronado Club Board of Directors oversaw operations of the Club.
The photograph shows Sandia Corporation President George Landry and the Coronado Club Board of Directors at the grand opening. Left to right: Pat O’Hara, Harold Sharp, Ted Sherwin, Landry, Harold Gunn, Geneva Bishop (AEC), Bob Roy, Bob Henderson.
About 2500 people turned out for tours and entertainment at the Coronado Club’s grand opening on Friday, June 9, 1950. Marty Baum’s 12-piece orchestra played after the tours and a floor show. It was a formal evening out with the men in suits and women in satiny dresses that gleamed under the lights. There were gloves and high heels and pocket handkerchiefs and wide lapels—a step removed from the daily engineering assignments.
The Club provided the AEC and Sandia centralized recreation on the base–sporting a four-lane bowling alley and game rooms in the basement, and dining and bar facilities on the main floor, in addition to a swimming pool and patio outside. In 1956, a second pool was added; the bowling alley was removed in 1965, along with other renovations throughout the building then and in subsequent years.
Club Recreation Gallery
The building originally housed a bowling and game room in the basement, along with a snack bar. The four-lane bowling alley sported gleaming floors, automated ball returns, and low ceilings. Bowling and games were both removed and replaced with meeting rooms in 1965.
The Club opened with one large swimming pool on the building’s west side and accessible from doors between the ballroom and dining area. Swimming lessons, open swim times, and lifeguards on duty kept young swimmers occupied and safe throughout the summer months. In 1956, a second pool was added and in 1990, the pools were renovated into one pool and two kiddie pools were added.
Swimmers filled the pools all summer, every summer through 2004, when the Club closed.
After work, on weekends, and on holidays families gathered at the Club for meals, recreation, and relaxation. In 1981, Sandia engineer Max Newsom and family celebrated the 4th of July on the Club’s grassy picnic grounds.
With the swimming pools, the tennis courts were the most popular of the Club’s features. The Club fielded winning tennis teams and taught new generations how to play. The courts were in use all day every day and, after new lighting was added in 1988, on into the evenings.
The Club ballroom offered a large space for a variety of activities, from square dancing to art shows.
In addition to tea dances and formal evening events, the Club offered dancing at holiday events, on weekends, and even supported dance lessons and competitions in a variety of styles over time. The Buddy Morrow Orchestra played for the July 4, 1979 celebration.
The Club provided a recreational space for individuals and families. It also served the social needs of the AEC and Sandia community. Formal dinners and dances were prevalent in the early decades. Bands from Albuquerque and those touring through town played nearly every weekend. Lunch at the Club was popular during the week—offering a good midday meal and a chance to meet up with colleagues. Groups from AEC and Sandia also celebrated with luncheons and holiday meals, while Sandia retirees gathered annually for a picnic and memories. And, work was also done there—the ballroom space was often used for larger gathers and, after the basement was converted to meeting rooms in 1965, both AEC-ERDA-DOE and Sandia used the space for training, planning, and general meetings.
Gathering Spot Gallery
Large dinners were held in the ballroom or in La Cana, a separate dining room that offered formal table service.
The lunch line at the Club was available nearly every weekday and remained popular with Sandia and AEC-ERDA-DOE employees through the 1990s. It offered a good, reasonably priced meal without leaving the Base.
The ballroom extended south of the main dining area and lunch line. It had hardwood floors and a recessed ceiling that was dropped along the outer edges. Windows extended along the east and west walls, overlooking the parking lot and patio, respectively. A large stone fireplace divided the row of windows on the west wall. A low band platform that serves as a stage was placed at the south end of the room in front of a wall that separated a small prep/storage room from the ballroom itself. The north end of the room could be separated from the dining room by a movable partition.
On the north end of the building, the bar included a long bar with stools along the east side and sofas and tables and booths along the north wall and area around the stairwell. The ceiling had both suspended lights in the central area and recessed lighting around the edges of the room. The area around the stairwell was walled off in 1959.
Sandia held its annual Retiree Picnic at the Club. The Lab Director usually attended to officially greet and to mingle with the guests. In 1970, John Hornbeck spoke at the dinner’s opening.
Over the years, celebratory lunches and dinners were held. Here, the Lab News reporters are shown at their annual luncheon in 1958. In addition to its regular staff, the Lab News at the time had individuals located in organizations across the Lab reporting on events in their areas.
Weekend events and holiday celebrations were advertised in nearly every issue of the Sandia Lab News. DOE and Sandia employees posed in the photo shoots for the ads, conveying the delight awaiting attendees. Here, Rick (DOE) and Tippy Sneddon raise a glass in the ad for the Club’s annual New Year’s Eve party in 1981.
The Sanado Club for wives of Sandians met at and supported the Coronado Club beginning in 1957. Sanado offered a variety of activities and outings—fishing, bridge, horse riding, bowling, cooking, art, tennis, golf, and swimming—and sponsored events at the Club. The group also took responsibility for decorating the Club for the holidays every December.
The Club provided a gathering spot for work-related events, as well as opportunities to relax. On February 8, 1957, for example, more than 300 Sandia employees attended University Night to learn about educational opportunities available at the University of New Mexico.
The Coronado Club was an 18,203 sq. ft., one-story building with a basement. The exterior finish was part brick veneer and part wood siding. Fascia panels with decorative designs were installed over the original flat metal fascia. The foundation was poured concrete. The roof was 2-ply modified bitumen sheet with eaves extended past the walls and posts extending from ground to eaves; air handlers and related ductwork on the roof were visible from street level. The overall design (both original and as modified) was long and low—emphasizing the horizontal, which was typical of buildings of the period that fall generally into the International Style. The interior housed offices, a bar, a large dining room, and kitchen facilities on the first floor, and offices and meeting rooms in the basement. There was a poured concrete slab patio and a grass area, as well as the pools and children’s play area behind (west of and extending to the south) the main ballroom/dining room.
In 1959, an addition was put on the northeast corner of the building, to add a women’s restroom, a hat check room, and an office. The bar was also enclosed (separating it from the stairwell to the basement). Six years later, the Club converted the bowling alley and game rooms in the basement to training rooms and completely remodeled and redecorated the lobby, dining room, and ballroom. In 1967, the kitchen was remodeled. Additional interior modifications over the years were primarily superficial—replacing carpets, furniture, and lighting, and repainting/redecorating.
Exterior modifications were more extensive. In 1956, a second pool was added. The patio was enlarged in 1966 and a patio cover was added. In 1990, the two large swimming pools were merged into one and two kiddie pools were added. The patio walls also were extended to the west at that point. In that same time frame, the exterior fascia on the east and north sides were covered with new panels with a decorative design at the top of each of the support poles under the eaves. The patio in front of the main entrance on the east side was extended and covered and the windows on the east, north, and west sides were also replaced and reduced in number.
Building Features Gallery
Original Exterior (1950)
Exterior East Side (2004)
Exterior Entry (1998)
Exterior North Side (2004)
Exterior Northeast (1998)
Exterior West Side: Pools (1975)
Exterior West Side: Patio (1998)
End of Life
Three generations of Sandia and AEC-ERDA-DOE families danced, ate, swam, celebrated, played tennis, met, and enjoyed themselves at the Club. But, over time, Albuquerque grew, employees chose to live all over the city, and membership declined (membership went up and down over the years, with occasional considerations of closing the Club when numbers were low). After 9/11, access to Kirtland Air Force Base was more difficult, further discouraging use. In making the decision to close the Coronado Club in 2004, Sandia management cited a study indicating both that use of the Club’s services had declined significantly in recent years and that there were multiple resources for the services it had provided. It needed extensive maintenance and was not heavily used any longer. The Club closed.
In 2011, Sandia prepared to demolish the Coronado Club. No DOE/NNSA programs had a use for the space and the facility needed significant maintenance. In consultation with the New Mexico State Historic Preservation Officer, the DOE/NNSA/Sandia Field Office determined that the building was historic. This determination was based on the Club’s role in Sandia’s workforce management, as well as public relations and outreach efforts with the local community. The Club provided a centralized entertainment, relaxation, and social location for AEC/ERDA/DOE and Sandia employees while they undertook the Lab’s technical Cold War mission. Existing photographs of the building were gathered in support of documenting the building to mitigate the adverse effect of demolishing it and it was torn down.
Its location is now a grassy open space within Kirtland Air Force Base.