# Publications

## Rythmos: Solution and Analysis Package for Differential-Algebraic and Ordinary-Differential Equations

Time integration is a central component for most transient simulations. It coordinates many of the major parts of a simulation together, e.g., a residual calculation with a transient solver, solution with the output, various operator-split physics, and forward and adjoint solutions for inversion. Even though there is this variety in these transient simulations, there is still a common set of algorithms and proce- dures to progress transient solutions for ordinary-differential equations (ODEs) and differential-alegbraic equations (DAEs). Rythmos is a collection of these algorithms that can be used for the solution of transient simulations. It provides common time-integration methods, such as Backward and Forward Euler, Explicit and Im- plicit Runge-Kutta, and Backward-Difference Formulas. It can also provide sensitivities, and adjoint components for transient simulations. Rythmos is a package within Trilinos, and requires some other packages (e.g., Teuchos and Thrya) to provide basic time-integration capabilities. It also can be cou- pled with several other Trilinos packages to provide additional capabilities (e.g., AztecOO and Belos for linear solutions, and NOX for non-linear solutions). The documentation is broken down into three parts: Theory Manual, User's Manual, and Developer's Guide. The Theory Manual contains the basic theory of the time integrators, the nomenclature and mathematical structure utilized within Rythmos, and verification results demonstrating that the designed order of accuracy is achieved. The User's Manual provides information on how to use the Rythmos, description of input parameters through Teuchos Parameter Lists, and description of convergence test examples. The Developer's Guide is a high-level discussion of the design and structure of Rythmos to provide information to developers for the continued development of capabilities. Details of individual components can be found in the Doxygen webpages. Notice: This document is a collection of notes gathered over many years, however its development has been dormant for the past several years due to the lack of funding. Pre-release copies of this document have circulated to internal Sandia developers, who have found it useful in their application development. Also external Sandia developers have made inquiries for additional Rythmos documentation. To make this documentation publicly available, we are releasing this documentation in an " as-is " condition. We apologize for its incomplete state and obvious lack of readability, however we hope that the information contained in this document will still be helpful to users in their application development.