Sandia LabNews

Sandia announces completion of mixed waste landfill cover construction


The Environmental Restoration Project at Sandia completed construction of an alternative evapotranspirative cover at the Mixed Waste Landfill (MWL) in September. The 2.6-acre site is located in Tech Area 3 in the west-central part of Kirtland Air Force Base.

Mike Mitchell, (6765, left) and Don Schofield (4133) inspect the evapotranspirative cover of the Mixed Waste Landfill. (Photo by Randy Montoya)

Mike Mitchell, (6765, left) and Don Schofield (4133) inspect the evapotranspirative cover of the Mixed Waste Landfill. (Photo by Randy Montoya)

The MWL was established in 1959 as a disposal area for low-level radioactive waste generated by Sandia’s research facilities. Low-level radioactive waste and minor amounts of hazardous waste were disposed in the MWL from 1959 through 1988. Approximately 100,000 cubic feet of waste containing about 6,300 curies of activity (in 1989) were disposed of in the landfill. Over time, the radioactive materials in the landfill decay and become less hazardous.

The MWL has been monitored since 1969 and actively studied since 1991. An extensive investigation effort provided the technical foundation for the determination that the landfill is not expected to contaminate groundwater and does not represent an unacceptable risk to human health and the environment. After the extensive investigation, public meetings, and a public hearing, the New Mexico Environment Department (NMED) secretary issued the final order in 2005 selecting an evapotranspirative cover with a biointrusion rock barrier as the selected remedy. After a review of competitive bids, Sandia awarded the construction contract to a local small business. Cover construction was completed on schedule, near budget, and without any safety incidents.

The NMED regulates the corrective action to the MWL as well as the implementation of institutional controls and long-term monitoring and maintenance. Sandia and DOE continue to provide quarterly progress reports to the NMED. In addition, the final order requires compilation of a report that reevaluates the feasibility of excavation and analyzes the continued effectiveness of the selected remedy every five years. Construction of the MWL alternative cover will be documented in the

Corrective Measures Implementation Report that will be submitted to the NMED for approval.

According to NNSA Sandia Site Office Federal Project Director Joe Estrada, “If it had not been for the personal perseverance of the project team, this mission would have withered. Now that the remedy is in place the team is looking forward to sharing lessons learned from the project.”

The implementation of the selected remedy at the MWL is a critical step forward for the site. More than a decade of work and many personnel contributed to the success of the project. Although the cover is now constructed, monitoring work continues at the MWL.

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