Analysts develop a “no threat” bias with high false alarms. If only shown alarms for actual attacks, may never actually see an alarm. We see this in the laboratory, but not often studied in applied environments. (TSA is an exception.) In this work, near-operational paradigms are useful, but difficult to construct well. Pilot testing is critical before engaging time-limited professionals. Experimental control is difficult to balance with operational realism. Grounding near-operational experiments in basic research paradigms has both advantages and disadvantages. Despite shortcomings in our second experiment, we now have a platform for experimental investigations into the human element of physical security systems.