Publications / Journal Article

Fabrication of quantum dots in undoped Si/Si0.8Ge0.2 heterostructures using a single metal-gate layer

Lu, Tzu-Ming L.; Gamble, John K.; Muller, Richard P.; Nielsen, Erik N.; Bethke, D.; Ten Eyck, Gregory A.; Pluym, Tammy P.; Wendt, J.R.; Dominguez, Jason J.; Lilly, M.P.; Carroll, Malcolm; Wanke, M.C.

Enhancement-mode Si/SiGe electron quantum dots have been pursued extensively by many groups for their potential in quantum computing. Most of the reported dot designs utilize multiple metal-gate layers and use Si/SiGe heterostructures with Ge concentration close to 30%. Here, we report the fabrication and low-temperature characterization of quantum dots in the Si/Si0.8Ge0.2 heterostructures using only one metal-gate layer. We find that the threshold voltage of a channel narrower than 1 μm increases as the width decreases. The higher threshold can be attributed to the combination of quantum confinement and disorder. We also find that the lower Ge ratio used here leads to a narrower operational gate bias range. The higher threshold combined with the limited gate bias range constrains the device design of lithographic quantum dots. We incorporate such considerations in our device design and demonstrate a quantum dot that can be tuned from a single dot to a double dot. The device uses only a single metal-gate layer, greatly simplifying device design and fabrication.