Concurrent Shape and Topology Optimization
The typical topology optimization workflow uses a design domain that does not change during the optimization process. Consequently, features of the design domain, such as the location of loads and constraints, must be determined in advance and are not optimizable. A method is proposed herein that allows the design domain to be optimized along with the topology. This approach uses topology and shape derivatives to guide nested optimizers to the optimal topology and design domain. The details of the method are discussed, and examples are provided that demonstrate the utility of this approach.