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Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) Publications


DateTitleReport No.Author(s)
2022-08Compensation Mechanisms for LongDuration Energy StoragePNNL-32978D. Bhatnagar, J.C. Bedoya, D.S. Boff, A. Somani, J.B. Twitchell
2022-08Horn Rapids Solar and Storage: A Techno-economic AssessmentPNNL-ACT-10125X. Ma, D. Wu, A. Crawford
2022-07Avista’s Shared Energy Economy Model Pilot — A Techno-economic AssessmentPNNL-33107D. Wu, R. Hu, X. Ma, S. Huang, B. Huang, A.J. Crawford, K. Oikonomou, et al
2022-06Energy Northwest – Horn Rapids Solar and Storage: An Assessment of Battery Technical PerformancePNNL-ACT-10122A.J. Crawford, V.V. Viswanathan, D. Wu, A.F. Barbaro dos Santos
2022-06Energy Storage Valuation: A Review of Use Cases and Modeling ToolsPNNL-32615V. Siberry, D. Wu, D. Wang, X. Ma
2022-02Enabling Principles for Dual Participation by Energy Storage as a Transmission and Market AssetPNNL-32196J.B. Twitchell, S.E. Barrows, D. Bhatnagar, K. Mongird
2022-02San Juan Hybrid Battery Energy Storage — Preliminary Techno-economic AssessmentPNNL-ACT-10119D. Wu, A.D. Das, S. Hanif, A.J. Crawford, V.V. Viswanathan, V.L. Sprenkle, D.A. Baldwin et al.
2022Development of Aqueous Soluble Organic Flow Batteries for Stationary Electrical Energy StoragePNNL-32555-3A.M. Hollas, E.C. Thomsen, A.J. Crawford, V.V. Viswanathan, D.M. Reed
2022OPALCO – Decatur Island Solar and Energy Storage Project: An Assessment of Battery Technical PerformancePNNL-ACT-10121A.J. Crawford, D. Wu, V.V. Viswanathan
2022Defining Long Duration Energy StoragePNNL-SA-171006J.B. Twitchell, K.R. DeSomber, D. Bhatnagar
2022Economic Analysis of Vehicle-to-Grid Tech for FleetsPNNL-32777S. Sridhar, C. Holland, B. Huang, D. Wu, R.J. Franks, V.V. Viswanathan, C.K. Vartanian, et al
2022Open Door Mission Downtown Rochester Site Analysis of Demographic and Socioeconomic CharacteristicsPNNL-33316A. Rackley
2022Energy Storage and Power Plant DecommissioningPNNL-32214B.W. Tarekegne, R.S. O’Neil, S.R. Michener


DateTitleReport No.Author(s)
2021-11Storage Enabled Flexibility of Conventional Generation Assets (StorFlex)PNNL-32499B. Bhatti, S. Hanif, J. Alam, A. Tbaileh, S. Bhattacharya, K.R. DeSomber
2021-10Energy Storage Evaluation Tool (ESET)PNNL-31300D. Wu, ., X. Ma, S. Huang, D. Wang, T. Ramachandran, T. Fu
2021-01Energy Equity and Environmental Justice Workshop ReportPNNL-30949R. O’Neil, J.B. Twitchell, D. Prezuiso
2021Development of Aqueous Soluble Organic Flow Batteries for Stationary Electrical Energy Storage PNNL-30925-2A.M. Hollas, E.C. Thomsen, A.J. Crawford, V.V. Viswanathan, D.M. Reed


DateTitleReport No.Author(s)
2020-06Power-to-Gas System Valuation: Final ReportPNNL-ACT-10095P Balducci, D. Wu, T. Ramachandran, A. Campbell, V. Fotedar, et al.
2020-06Power-to-Gas Tool: User’s GuidePNNL-ACT-10097T. Ramachandran, P. Balducci, D. Wu
2020-02Development and Analysis of Control Strategies for a 1 MW/3.2 MWh Energy Storage System at Avista UtilitiesPNNL-29730J. Alam, P. Balducci, T. Hardy,et al.
2020-02Washington Clean Energy Fund: Energy Storage System Consolidated Performance Test ResultsPNNL-29378A. Crawford, D. Wu, V. Viswanathan, P. Balducci, C. Vartanian, T. Hardy, J. Alam, K. Mongird


DateTitleReport No.Author(s)
2019-10Opportunities for Dispatchable Power Projects in the New England Independent System Operator AreaPNNL-29279V. Fotedar,P. Balducci, M. Warwick, D. Wu, D. Wang, K. Mongird
2019-09Nantucket Island Energy Storage System AssessmentPNNL-28941P. Balducci, J. Alam, T. McDermott, V. Fotedar, X. Ma, D. Wu, B. Bhatti, K. Mongird, B. Bhattarai, A. Crawford, S. Ganguli
2019-08Hawaiian Electric Companies Demand Response ToolPNNL-28956Y. Yuan, P. Balducci, K. Mongird, V. Fotedar, D. Wu, D. Bhatnagar
2019-07Energy Storage Technology and Cost Characterization ReportPNNL-28866K. Mongird, V. Viswanathan, P. Balducci, J. Alam, V. Fotedar, V. Koritarov, B. Hadjerioua
2019-07Puget Sound Energy Glacier Energy Storage System: An Assessment of Battery Technical PerformancePNNL-28379A. Crawford, J. Alam, V. Viswanathan, D. Wu, C. Vartanian, P. Balducci, K. Mongird
2019-07Avista Turner Energy Storage System: An Assessment of Battery Technical PerformancePNNL-28480A. Crawford,P. Balducci, V. Viswanathan,D. Wu,C. Vartanian,T. Hardy,J. Alam,K. Mongird
2019-06Shell Energy North America’s Hydro Battery System: Final Market Assessment ReportPNNL-27620P. Balducci, R. Fan, K. Mongird, J. Alam, A. Somani, J. Steenkamp, D. Wu, D. Bhatnagar, Y. Yuan
2019-03Snohomish Public Utility District MESA 2: An Assessment of Battery Technical PerformancePNNL-28478A. Crawford, D. Wu, V. Viswanathan, C. Vartanian, J. Alam, K. Mongird, P. Balducci


DateTitleReport No.Author(s)
2018-07Decatur Island Community Solar and Energy Storage Project – Preliminary Economic AssessmentPNNL-27696K. Mongird, P. Balducci, J. Alam, Y. Yuan, D. Wu, T. Hardy, J. Mietzner, T. Neal, R. Guerry, J. Kimball
2018-02Determination of Duty Cycles for Energy Storage Systems Providing Frequency Regulation and Peak Shaving Services with var SupportPNNL-27314-1J. Alam, A. Crawford, V. Viswanathan
2018-01Snohomish Public Utility District MESA-1: An Assessment of Battery Technical PerformancePNNL-27237V. Viswanathan, D. Wu, A. Crawford, T. Hardy, J. Alam, K. Mongird, P. Balducci


DateTitleReport No.Author(s)
2017-04Washington Clean Energy Fund: Energy Storage System Performance Test Plans and Data RequirementsPNNL-26492V. Viswanathan, A. Crawford, P. Balducci, T. Hardy, J. Alam, D. Wu


DateTitleReport No.Author(s)
2016-06Energy Storage System Guide for Compliance with Safety Codes and StandardsPNNL-SA-118870 / SAND2016-5977RP. Cole, D. Conover
2016-04Protocol for Uniformly Measuring and Expressing the Performance of Energy Storage SystemsPNNL-22010 Rev 2 / SAND2016-3078 RD. Conover, A. Crawford, J. Fuller, S. Gourisetti, V. Viswanathan, S. Ferreira, D. Schoenwald, D. Rosewater


DateTitleReport No.Author(s)
2014-06Determination of Duty Cycle for Energy Storage Systems Integrated with MicrogridsPNNL-23390D. Conover, V. Viswanathan, A. Crawford

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