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Report of experiments and evidence for ASC L2 milestone 4467 : demonstration of a legacy application's path to exascale

Barrett, Brian B.; Kelly, Suzanne M.; Klundt, Ruth A.; Laros, James H.; Leung, Vitus J.; Levenhagen, Michael J.; Lofstead, Gerald F.; Moreland, Kenneth D.; Oldfield, Ron A.; Pedretti, Kevin P.; Rodrigues, Arun; Barrett, Richard F.; Ward, Harry L.; Vandyke, John P.; Vaughan, Courtenay T.; Wheeler, Kyle B.; Brandt, James M.; Brightwell, Ronald B.; Curry, Matthew L.; Fabian, Nathan D.; Ferreira, Kurt; Gentile, Ann C.; Hemmert, Karl S.

This report documents thirteen of Sandia's contributions to the Computational Systems and Software Environment (CSSE) within the Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) program between fiscal years 2009 and 2012. It describes their impact on ASC applications. Most contributions are implemented in lower software levels allowing for application improvement without source code changes. Improvements are identified in such areas as reduced run time, characterizing power usage, and Input/Output (I/O). Other experiments are more forward looking, demonstrating potential bottlenecks using mini-application versions of the legacy codes and simulating their network activity on Exascale-class hardware. The purpose of this report is to prove that the team has completed milestone 4467-Demonstration of a Legacy Application's Path to Exascale. Cielo is expected to be the last capability system on which existing ASC codes can run without significant modifications. This assertion will be tested to determine where the breaking point is for an existing highly scalable application. The goal is to stretch the performance boundaries of the application by applying recent CSSE RD in areas such as resilience, power, I/O, visualization services, SMARTMAP, lightweight LWKs, virtualization, simulation, and feedback loops. Dedicated system time reservations and/or CCC allocations will be used to quantify the impact of system-level changes to extend the life and performance of the ASC code base. Finally, a simulation of anticipated exascale-class hardware will be performed using SST to supplement the calculations. Determine where the breaking point is for an existing highly scalable application: Chapter 15 presented the CSSE work that sought to identify the breaking point in two ASC legacy applications-Charon and CTH. Their mini-app versions were also employed to complete the task. There is no single breaking point as more than one issue was found with the two codes. The results were that applications can expect to encounter performance issues related to the computing environment, system software, and algorithms. Careful profiling of runtime performance will be needed to identify the source of an issue, in strong combination with knowledge of system software and application source code.