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Meeting the Challenge: 2017 ESS Safety Forum

February 22 @ 12:00 am - 11:59 pm (MST)
Location: La Fonda Hotel 100 E. San Francisco St. Santa Fe 87501

With the theme Meeting the Challenge, the 2017 ESS Safety Forum will be held February 22-24, 2017, at the La Fonda Hotel, Santa Fe, NM.

The open forum provides a platform for discussing the current state of ESS Safety (ESS-S) and mitigation strategies for improving cell- to system-level safety and reliability.

For more information, e-mail the event coordinators at or visit the Meeting the Challenge: the 2017 ESS Safety Forum website.

Download the agenda (135 kb, PDF)

The 2017 ESS Safety Forum included presentations open to the public. Presentations from individuals representing Sandia National Laboratories were formally reviewed and approved for public release. We did not request copyright verification from organizations that are external to Sandia National Laboratories.

Day 1 - February 22

Day 1TitleSpeaker & Organization
7:00 a.m.Registration and Breakfast
8:00 a.m.Opening RemarksSummer Ferreira,
Sandia National Laboratories
8:15 a.m.WelcomeDr. Imre Gyuk,
Department of Energy
Fundamental Science Session 1
Session Chair: Chris Orendorff, Sandia National Laboratories – New Mexico Room
8:30 a.m.Thermo-electrochemical Analytics in Li-ion Battery SafetyPartha Mukherjee, presented by Aashutosh Mistry,
Texas A&M University
9:00 a.m.The Con Edison -- NYSERDA Battery Safety Testing Program: Overview and Takeaways (183 kb, PDF)Britt Reichborn-Kjennerud,
Consolidated Edison
9:20 a.m.Li-Ion Batteries -- Lessons from the Consumer Electronics Industry (2.2 mb, PDF)Bessma Aljarbou,
9:40 a.m.Safety-by-Design in All-Inorganic Sodium BatteriesErik Spoerke,
Sandia National Laboratories
10:00 a.m.Break
Fundamental Science Session 2
Session Chair: Jorge Araiza, Southern California Edison – New Mexico Room
10:30 a.m.Transitioning Electrochemical Acoustic Analysis into a Predictive Technique for Understanding Complex Behaviors (1.8 mb, PDF)Dan Steingart,
Princeton University
11:00 a.m.Safety of Li-ion Batteries -- A Thermal Engineering Perspective (2.9 mb, PDF)Ankur Jain,
University of Texas Arlington
11:20 a.m.Addressing Lithium-Ion Battery Safety and Failure Containment for Modern Grid Energy Storage (2.6 mb, PDF)Heather Barkholtz,
Sandia National Laboratories
11:40 a.m.Understanding Lithium Ion Safety Through Abuse TestingJosh Lamb,
Sandia National Laboratories
12:00 p.m.Lunch – Santa Fe Room
Application to Scale Session 1: Setting The Stage
Session Chair: Kavita Ravi, Massachusetts Clean Energy Center – New Mexico Room
1:15 p.m.Field Application of Storage Codes and StandardsSteve Willard,
Electric Power Research Institute
1:30 p.m.Safe Storage Requires Safety Regulation -- A California Case Study (3.3 mb, PDF)Arthur O’Donnell,
California Public Utilities Commission
1:45 p.m.Practical and Functional Safety in Energy Storage SystemsRoger Lin,
NEC Energy Solutions
2:00 p.m.Safety of Thermal Storage Systems for Concentrating Solar Plants (2.5 mb, PDF)Clifford Ho,
Sandia National Laboratories
2:15 p.m.45-minute panel discussion
3:00 p.m.Break
Application to Scale Session 2: Fire Services
Session Chair: Alice Muna, Sandia National Laboratories – New Mexico Room
3:30 p.m.Fire Tests of a Lithium Ion Battery Energy Storage System (1.9 mb, PDF)Andrew Blum,
Fisher Engineering, Inc.
3:45 p.m.First Responder ESS Fire Operations (537 kb, PDF)Paul Rogers,
Fire Department of New York
4:00 p.m.NFPA Standards and Fire Service Training for Energy Storage Systems (508 kb, PDF)Brian O’Connor and Andrew Klock,
National Fire Protection Association
4:15 p.m.Energy Storage Systems – Fire Safety Concepts in the 2018 International Fire and Residential Codes (757 kb, PDF)Howard Hopper,
Underwriters Laboratory
4:30 p.m.45-minute panel discussion
5:15 p.m.Closing RemarksSummer Ferreira,
Sandia National Laboratories
5:30 p.m.Welcome Reception – Santa Fe Room

Day 2 - February 23

Day 2TitleSpeaker & Organization
7:00 a.m.Breakfast
8:00 a.m.Opening RemarksSummer Ferreira,
Sandia National Laboratories
Fundamental Science Session 3
Session Chair: Todd Olinsky-Paul, Clean Energy Group – New Mexico Room
8:30 a.m.A Viable Pathway from Durability to Reliability and Safety (2.5 mb, PDF)Bor Yann Liaw,
Idaho National Laboratory
9:00 a.m.Mechanical Abuse and Safety Risks of Large Format Li-ion Batteries (885 kb, PDF)Hsin Wang,
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
9:20 a.m.Safety of Aged Commercial Lithium-ion Cells (2.9 mb, PDF)Judy Jeevarajan,
Underwriters Laboratory
9:40 a.m.Intrinsically Safe Vanadium Battery Solution for Large-Scale Energy StorageGary Yang,
UniEnergy Technologies
10:00 a.m.Break
Fundamental Science Session 4: Modeling
Session Chair: Erik Spoerke, Sandia National Laboratories – New Mexico Room
10:30 a.m.Modeling of Heat Generation during Thermal Runaway of Lithium-Ion Batteries in an Accelerating Rate CalorimeterKevin Marr,
University of Texas at Austin
10:50 a.m.Modeling for Understanding and Preventing Cascading Thermal Runaway in Battery Packs (2.8 mb, PDF)John Hewson,
Sandia National Laboratories
11:10 a.m.Development of a Diffusion-Reaction Formalism for Describing Thermal Runaway in Battery SystemsOfodike Ezekoye,
University of Texas at Austin
11:30 a.m.Recommended Practices for the Safe Design and Operation of Flywheels (1.0 mb, PDF)Don Bender,
Sandia National Laboratories
12:00 p.m.Lunch – Santa Fe Room
Application to Scale Session 3: 3rd Party Testing and Risk Assessment
Session Chair: Laurence Sombardier, State of Hawaii – New Mexico Room
1:15 p.m.Energy Storage Failure and Fire: An Overview of Lessons Learned and Myths Dispelled for the Storage IndustryNick Warner,
1:30 p.m.Risk Based Hazard Assessment of Li-ion Energy Storage Systems (483 kb, PDF)Benjamin Ditch and Sujit Prushuthaman,
FM Global
1:45 p.m.Approach to Ensure BESS Safety in JapanHiroyuki Kubo,
National Institute of Technology and Evaluation
2:00 p.m.How Safety Standards Address the Hazard of Fire Propagation in Battery Systems (1.3 mb, PDF)Laurie Florence, presented by Judy Jeevarajan,
Underwriters Laboratory
2:15 p.m.45-minute panel discussion
3:00 p.m.Break
Application to Scale Session 4: Codes and Standards
Session Chair: Chris LaFleur, Sandia National Laboratories – New Mexico Room
3:30 p.m.Why C/S Matter to ESS and What is Going on in the U.S. on ESS Related C/SDavid Conover,
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
3:45 p.m.International Electrotechnical Commission Standards Development for Energy Storage System SafetyVilayanur Viswanathan,
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
4:00 p.m.45-minute panel discussionadditional panel members:
Matthew Paiss, IAFF,
Howard Hopper, Underwriters Laboratory
4:45 p.m.Closing RemarksVincent Sprenkle and Babu Chalamala,
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Sandia National Laboratories
5:00 p.m.Closing RemarksDr. Imre Gyuk,
Department of Energy
5:30 p.m.Dinner

Day 3 - February 24

The development and deployment of ESS has been and will continue to occur at a significant rate, although there continues to be challenges associated with documenting and validating system safety and understanding how to respond to safety related incidents. Under the leadership of the DOE Office of Electricity Energy Storage Program, Sandia National Laboratories and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have been building a coordinated ESS safety effort in collaboration with a wide range and significant number of private sector stakeholders since early 2014. This includes utility, manufacturing, first responder, contractor, code official, testing, and inspector sectors who have come together under an ESS Safety Working Group to facilitate collaboration and provide a focal point for identifying and addressing all of the challenges associated with the timely deployment of safe ESS. Day 3 of the ESS Safety Forum will be an opportunity to ‘reboot’ and ‘invigorate’ the future efforts undertaken by the ESS Safety Working Group during an open meeting on behalf of all stakeholders connected to or impacted by ESS safety in any way.

Day 3Activity
7:30 a.m.Buffet Breakfast
8:00 a.m.ESS Safety Working Group Meeting – New Mexico Room
8:45 a.m.
  • Codes and Standards Breakout Session – Santa Fe Room
  • Research and Development Breakout Session – Exchange Room
  • Incident Response and Outreach Breakout Session – Ballen Boardroom
10:10 a.m.Break
10:30 a.m.ESS Safety Working Group Joint Session, Report Out and Summary
12:00 p.m.End of Forum