Pulsed-Power Science and Technology
Advanced Pulsed Power Concepts
Advanced Pulsed Power Concepts Experiments conducted on Sandia’s Z Machine create the extreme radiation, pressure and temperatures produced in a nuclear blast. Technical experts apply theoretical, computational and diagnostic tools to analyze results from Z and other experimental platforms. The results also create opportunities for new science and engineering discoveries, from understanding materials behavior and providing insights into astrophysics and planetary science, to one day achieving the elusive goal of creating fusion energy in the laboratory.
Planetary Research The bright lights of Venus, Mars, and Jupiter have captured the imagination of people for eons. Scientists at Sandia National Laboratories use the Z machine to create matter found in conditions at the core of the Earth or the deep interior of Neptune and Jupiter, and measure the properties.
Astrophysics Sandia’s Z machine provides us with the capability to delve deep into discovery science to study the behavior of matter at extreme conditions. This contributes to our fundamental understanding of nature and the universe.
Inertial Confinement Fusion
Inertial Confinement Fusion Inertial confinement fusion (ICF) is a method that attempts to initiate nuclear fusion reactions by heating and compressing a fuel target, typically in the form of a pellet that most often contains a mixture of deuterium and tritium. Scientists at Sandia have now shown that a strategy called Magnetized Liner Inertial Fusion (MagLIF) in which a strong magnetic field is embedded in an imploding plasma of deuterium gas, is effective at retaining the heat necessary for fusion.
Dynamic Materials The science of dynamic material compression is a core capability at Sandia. Materials are subjected to extreme conditions at Z, a machine which uses massive pulses of electrical power to create huge magnetic fields or to accelerate materials to extremely high velocities of about 50 kilometers (31 miles) per second — far faster than a rifle bullet. Using these means, scientists examine the response of materials at extremely high-energy densities.