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Vol. 56, Special Issue        March 2004
[Sandia National Laboratories]

Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185-0165    ||   Livermore, California 94550-0969
Tonopah, Nevada; Nevada Test Site; Amarillo, Texas

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Homeland security

The Homeland Security Display Room showcases national security technologies in the context of homeland defense. Last year we conducted 118 tours, running the gamut from senior government officials to Sandia new-hires. Program managers use the room to show customers the full range of Sandia capabilities. The room is unique because it displays the technologies in a thematic and understandable manner that incorporates not only actual hardware, but also the concept of operations and the systems context for the operations. (0080, 5900)

Two Operation America events were conducted this past year in Hawaii and Georgia to train bomb technicians. These events are designed, equipped, and staffed by Sandia personnel. They continue to draw accolades from senior officials representing the host states and government organizations. The event in Hawaii -- targeting primarily military personnel -- was lauded by the sponsoring admiral for its impact on his staff. The director of the Georgia Public Safety Training Center expressed his gratitude in a letter to DOE Secretary Abraham.

The RoboHound, an engineering prototype, combines a sample collector, preconcentrator, and robotic vehicle to enable remote interrogation of suspicious items for explosives. After sample collection, the operator uses a commercial chemical detector to check for explosives. The Mobile Robotics Department worked closely with the Entry Control and Contraband Detection Department to integrate existing explosive detectors into mobile robotic platforms to provide explosives sampling of small packages. TNT and C4 were successfully collected from a wooden crate, briefcase, 20-gallon drum, and a vehicle hatch. (15200, 4100)

DOE must control more than 60,000 radioactive sources. The post-9/11 environment makes this job more challenging than ever. Center 6800 has developed a Radiological Source Registry and Tracking (RSRT) system to ensure that DOE has the tools to do this job. The RSRT system provides a secure, online database that consolidates information on the characteristics, location, and ownership of DOE materials. The next phase will embed decision tools, so users can assess the data and prioritize risk. (6800)

Sandia scientists have demonstrated insulator-based dielectrophoresis (iDEP) for the selective concentration of live and dead bacteria. The technique uses an electric field applied across an array of microfabricated insulating posts. The iDEP device selectively concentrates particles based on differences in polarizability and size. The DoD and the Department of Homeland Security are interested in this technology for a pathogen detector using iDEP for selective concentration prior to protein fingerprinting by the liquid phase MicroChemLab. (8300, 8700)

In FY03, the Weapons of Mass Destruction Decision Analysis Center suite of applications was enhanced to address a broader suite of scenarios, including facility protection. Additional models for biological and nuclear detection technologies and reach-back capabilities were developed and used to support WMD detection and response planning exercises as well as architecture deployment and trade- off analyses. Among accomplishments: conducted an Alameda County (Calif.) Bio Terrorism Response Plan exercise and developed and conducted a simulation-based table-top exercise for Alameda County Public Health, FBI, and other agencies. (80, 8114)

A multi-organizational team consisting of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency, DOE/NNSA laboratories, and industry (Northrop Grumman Mission Systems & Applied Research Associates) successfully demonstrated unconventional nuclear warfare defense (UNWD) capabilities at three military installations this year. The UNWD effort showcased technology capable of protecting military installations against unconventionally delivered nuclear weapons, improvised nuclear weapons, and radiological dispersal devices. (4100, 5900, 6500, 2500)

Last modified: March 25, 2004

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