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High-Performance Computing and Manufacturing
Sandia's Center for Compound Semiconductor Science & Technology (CCSST)

Fact Sheet

The Center for Compound Semiconductor Science and Technology (CCSST) at Sandia National Laboratories includes a vertically integrated effort in microelectronic and photonic device research and development. These vertically integrated capabilities include:

An active modeling effort, encompassing both materials and device activities, provides an additional differentiating strength.

Semiconductor materials and device research:
Sandia's historical strength in materials and device physics is one cornerstone of our present electronic and photonic device activities. Pioneering research in strained-layer-superlattices and microcavity resonators in the early 1980's has provided a foundation for extensive activities in microelectronic and photonic devices. Building on past innovations, such as the first strained quantum well field-effect transistor (FET), some important recent microelectronic device efforts include:

Work on microcavity resonators has grown into a major program on vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) technology. Some key activities in this program include:

Continuing research is focused on developing new materials that will extend emission wavelengths into the visible and mid-infrared wavelengths. Exploration into advanced concepts in photonic lattices and nanostructured optical surfaces hold promise for new engineered photonic materials for future devices activities.

Fabrication and device characterization capabilities:
CCST's strong fabrication capabilities--including direct-write electron-beam lithography and advanced dry etching--allow us to explore advanced device concepts not yet realized in the commercial sector. These capabilities have enabled quantum electronic devices that use nanometer-scale features for gates and air-bridged point contacts. These devices then are used to investigate device concepts based on tunneling and low-dimensional systems, such as quantum dots. The anticipated result is ultra-small and ultra-low power devices that operate with only a few electrons per device. Advanced device research also requires highly capable measurement laboratories to characterize devices and materials. CCST staff have laboratory facilities with a broad range of measurement capabilities including:

Advanced material and device modeling:
CCST advances in device modeling and simulation have proved invaluable in designing better devices and developing new ideas. Our device simulation capabilities include:

Many CCST capabilities are combined in computer models for specific device structures, such as VCSELs and FETs. CCST scientists also use an extensive suite of commercial software packages for microwave circuit and device simulation and electromagnetic field calculations.

Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy.
Del Owyoung

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Last modified: August 9, 1999

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