ARRA Funds Support Almost 538 MW In New Energy Storage

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EAC Report

The U.S. Dept. of Energy (DOE)’s energy storage program provided $185 Million in federal matching funds during 2009 to support energy storage projects valued at $771 million.

The funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) resulted in almost 538 MW of new energy storage being added to the grid. The new storage involved five principle energy storage demonstration project categories: Battery Storage for Utility Load Shifting, Ancillary Services, Distributed Storage for Grid Support, Compressed Air Energy Storage, and Promising Storage Technologies.

The DOE Electricity Advisory Committee’s final report is available for download (PDF, 589 kb).

The following are the five categories of demonstration projects:

  • Category 1: Battery Storage for Utility Load Shifting or for Wind Farm Diurnal Operations and Ramping Control
  • Category 2: Ancillary Services – Frequency Regulation
  • Category 3: Distributed Energy Storage for Grid Support
  • Category 4: Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES)
  • Category 5: Promising Energy Storage Technologies

ARRA Energy Storage Demonstrations Category 1: Battery Storage for Utility Load Shifting or for Wind Farm Diurnal Operations and Ramping Control

Notrees Wind Storage

  • Awardee: Duke Energy
  • Technology: —
  • Size-Power (Energy): 24MW (15MW)
  • Application: Renewable and Demand
  • Location: Goldsmith, Texas
  • Utility: Duke Energy
  • ARRA Funding: $21,806,219
  • Project Value: $43,612,445

Deploy a wind energy storage demonstration project at the Notrees Wind power Project in western Texas. The project will demonstrate how energy storage and power storage technologies can help wind power systems address intermittency issues by building a 24 megawatt (MW) hybrid-energy storage system capable of optimizing the flow of energy.

Wind Firming EnergyFarm™

  • Awardee: Primus Power
  • Technology: Zinc-Chloride Flow Battery
  • Size-Power (Energy): 25 MW (75MWhr)
  • Application: Renewables
  • Location: Alameda, San Ramon, Modesto, California
  • Utility: Modesto Irrigation District
  • ARRA Funding: $14,000,000
  • Project Value: $46,700,000

Deploy a 25 MW – 75 MWh EnergyFarm for the Modesto Irrigation District in California’s Central Valley, replacing a planned $78M / 50 MW fossil fuel plant to compensate for the variable nature of wind energy providing the District with the ability to shift on-peak energy use to off-peak periods.

Tehachapi Wind Energy Storage Project

  • Awardee: Southern California Edison Company
  • Technology: Lithium-Ion Battery
  • Size-Power (Energy): 8 MW (4hrs)
  • Application: Renewables
  • Location: Tehachapi, California
  • Utility: Southern California Edison
  • ARRA Funding: $24,978,264
  • Project Value: $54,856,495

Deploy and evaluate an 8 MW utility-scale lithium-ion battery technology to improve grid performance and aid in the integration of wind generation into the electric supply. The project will evaluate wider range of applications for li-ion batteries that will spur broader demand for the technology, bringing production to a scale that will make this form of large energy storage more affordable.

Category 1 Totals:

  • ARRA Funding: $60,784,483
  • Project Value: $145,168,940

ARRA Energy Storage Demonstrations Category 2: Ancillary Services – Frequency Regulation

Beacon Power 20MW Flywheel Frequency Regulation Plant

  • Awardee: Beacon Power
  • Technology: Flywheels
  • Size-Power (Energy): 20 MW (5 MWhr)
  • Application: Frequency
  • Location: Tyngsboro, MA; Hazle Township, PA; Chicago Heights, IL
  • Utility: PPL Corp. (PA site); Midwest Energy (IL site)
  • ARRA Funding: $24,063,978
  • Project Value: $48,127,957

Design, build, test, commission, and operate a utility-scale 20 MW flywheel energy storage frequency regulation plant in either Hazle Township, PA or Chicago Heights, Illinois, and provide frequency regulation services to the grid operator, the PJM Interconnection. The project will also demonstrate the technical, cost and environmental advantages of fast response flywheel-based frequency regulation management.

Category 2 Totals:

  • ARRA Funding: $24,063,978
  • Project Value: $48,127,957

ARRA Energy Storage Demonstrations Category 3: Distributed Energy Storage for Grid Support

Painesville Municipal Power Vanadium Redox Battery Demonstration Program

  • Awardee: City of Painesville
  • Technology: Vanadium-Redox Battery
  • Size-Power (Energy): 1 MW (6-8 MWhr)
  • Application: Coal Efficiency
  • Location: Painesville, OH; Parma, OH; Johnstown, PA; Alexandria, VA; Evansville, IN; Devens, MA
  • Utility: Painesville Municipal Power
  • ARRA Funding: $4,242,570
  • Project Value: $9,666,324

Demonstrate 1 MW vanadium redox battery (VRB) storage system at the 32 MW municipal coal fired power plant in Painesville. The project will provide operating data and experience to help the plant maintain its daily power output requirement more efficiently while reducing its carbon footprint.

Detroit Edison’s Advanced Implementation of A123s Community Energy Storage Systems for Grid Support

  • Awardee: Detroit Edison
  • Technology: Lithium-Ion Battery
  • Size-Power (Energy): 25kW (20 Units of 50KWhr ea)
  • Application: Frequency/ Demand and Renewables
  • Location: West Lebanon, Hanover, NH; Saxonville, MA
  • Utility: Detroit Edison
  • ARRA Funding: $4,995,271
  • Project Value: $10,887,258

Demonstrated proof of concept for aggregated Community Energy Storage Devices in a utility territory. The project is comprised of the following major research objectives: 1) The 20 Community Energy Storage (CES) devices across a utility territory; 2) The installation and use of a centralized communication across the service territory; 3) The integration of a renewable resource with energy storage; 4) The creation of algorithms for dispatching CES devices for peak shaving and demand response; 5) The integration and testing of secondary-use electric vehicle batteries; and 6) The use of Energy storage devices to provide ancillary services to the power grid.

Grid-Scale Energy Storage Demonstration for Ancillary Services Using the UltraBattery Technology

  • Awardee: East Penn Manufacturing Company
  • Technology: Ultracapacitor (Lead-Acid Battery)
  • Size-Power (Energy): 3MW (1-4 MWhr)
  • Application: Frequency/ Demand
  • Location: Lyons Station, PA
  • Utility: Met-Ed
  • ARRA Funding: $2,543,746
  • Project Value: $5,087,269

Demonstrate the economic and technical viability of a 3MW grid-scale, advanced energy storage system using the lead-carbon UltraBattery technology to regulate frequency and manage energy demand.

Premium Power Distributed Energy Storage System Demonstration for National Grid and Sacramento Municipal Utility District

  • Awardee: Premium Power Corporation
  • Technology: Zinc-Bromine Battery
  • Size-Power (Energy): 5 – 500kW (6hrs)
  • Application: Renewables and Microgrid
  • Location: North Reaing, MA; Syracuse, NY; Sacramento, Rancho Cordova, CA
  • Utility: National Grid & Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD)
  • ARRA Funding: $6,062,552
  • Project Value: $12,514,660

Demonstrate competitively-priced, multimegawatt, long-duration advanced flow batteries for utility grid applications. This three-year project incorporates engineering of fleet control, manufacturing and installation of five 500-kW/6-hour TransFlow 2000 energy storage systems in California and New York to lower peak energy demand and reduce the costs of power interruptions.

PV Plus Storage for Simultaneous Voltage Smoothing and Peak Shifting

  • Awardee: Public Service Company of New Mexico (PNM)
  • Technology: Advanced Lead-Acid Battery
  • Size-Power (Energy): 500 kW (2.5MWhr)
  • Application: Renewables and Modeling
  • Location: Albuquerque, NM
  • Utility: PNM
  • ARRA Funding: $2,505,931
  • Project Value: 6,313,433

Demonstrate how a 2.5MWh Advanced Lead Acid flow battery along with a sophisticated control system turns a 500kW solar PV installation. into a reliable, dispatchable distributed generation resource. This hybrid resource will mitigate fluctuations in voltage normally caused by intermittent sources such as PV and wind and simultaneously store more energy for later use when customer demand peaks.

Category 3 Totals:

  • ARRA Funding: $20,350,070
  • Project Value: $44,468,944

ARRA Energy Storage Demonstrations Category 4: Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES)

Advanced CAES Demonstration Plant (150MW) Using an Existing Salt Storage Cavern

  • Awardee: Iberdrola USA (NY State Electric and Gas Corporation)
  • Technology: CAES
  • Size-Power (Energy): 150 MW (2-8hrs)
  • Application: Peaking
  • Location: Watkins Glen, NY
  • Utility: Iberdrola (USA)
  • ARRA Funding: $29,561,142
  • Project Value: $125,006,103

Demonstrate an advanced, less costly 150 MW Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) technology plant using an existing salt cavern. The project will be designed with an innovative smart grid control system to improve grid reliability and enable the integration of wind and other intermittent renewable energy sources.

Advanced Underground CAES Demonstration Project Using a Saline Porous Rock Formation as the Storage Reservoir

  • Awardee: Pacific Gas and Electric Company
  • Technology: CAES
  • Size-Power (Energy): 300 MW (10 hrs)
  • Application: Renewables, Spinning Reserve, VARS
  • Location: Kern County, CA
  • Utility: Pacific Gas and Electric
  • ARRA Funding: $25,000,000
  • Project Value: $355,956,300

Build and validate the design, performance, and reliability of an advanced, underground 300MW Compressed Energy Storage (CAES) plant using a saline porous rock formation located near Bakersfield, CA as the storage reservoir.

Category 4 Totals:

  • ARRA Funding: $54,561,142
  • Project Value: $480,962,403

ARRA Energy Storage Demonstrations Category 5: Promising Energy Storage Technologies

Demonstration of Sodium Ion Battery for Grid Level Applications

  • Awardee: Aquion Energy, Inc.
  • Technology: Sodium-Ion Battery
  • Size-Power (Energy): 10 – 100 kWhr
  • Application: Renewables
  • Location: Pittsburg, PA
  • Utility: AES Duke Energy
  • ARRA Funding: $5,179,000
  • Project Value: $10,359,827

Partner with Carnegie Mellon University to demonstrate a new, low cost, long-life, highly efficient, environmentally friendly, stationary energy storage battery that uses a proven and fully novel cell chemistry. Specifically, an aqueous sodium-ion based electrolyte is used in conjunction with simple highly scalable electrode materials housed in low cost packaging.

Amber Kinetics Flywheel Energy Storage Demonstration

  • Awardee: Amber Kinetics Inc.
  • Technology: Flywheels
  • Size-Power (Energy): Frequency
  • Application: Frequency
  • Location: Freemont, CA
  • Utility: (In-house)
  • ARRA Funding: $3,694,660
  • Project Value: $10,003,015

Develop and demonstrate an innovative flywheel technology for use in grid connected, low-cost bulk energy storage applications. This demonstration effort, which partners with AFS Trinity, will improve on traditional flywheel systems, resulting in higher efficiency and cost reductions that will be competitive with pumped hydro technologies.

Flow Battery Solution for Smart Grid Renewable Energy Applications

  • Awardee: K-Tech Corp.
  • Technology: Iron-Chromium Flow Battery
  • Size-Power (Energy): 250 kW (1MWhr)
  • Application: Renewables
  • Location: Albuquerque, NM; Sunnyvale, Snelling, CA
  • Utility: (None)
  • ARRA Funding: $4,764,284
  • Project Value: $9,528,567

Demonstrate a prototype flow battery system with an intermittent renewable energy source – a helios dual-axis tracker photovoltaic system. The project will combine a proven redox flow battery chemistry with a unique, patented design to yield an energy storage system that meets the combined safety, reliability, and cost requirements for distributed energy storage.

Solid State Batteries for Grid-Scale Energy Storage

  • Awardee: Seeo, Inc.
  • Technology: Lithium-Ion Battery
  • Size-Power (Energy): 25 kWhr
  • Application: Community Energy Storage (CES)
  • Location: Berkelye, Van Nuys, CA
  • Utility: PG&E
  • ARRA Funding: $6,196,060
  • Project Value: $12,392,120

Develop and deploy a 25kWh prototype battery system based on Seeo’s proprietary nanostructured polymer electrolytes. This new class of advanced lithium-ion rechargeable battery will demonstrate the substantial improvements offered by solid state lithium-ion technologies for energy density, battery life, safety, and cost. These batteries would be targeted for utility-scale operations, particularly Community Energy Storage projects.

Demonstration of Isothermal Compressed Air Energy Storage to Support Renewable Energy Production

  • Awardee: SustainX
  • Technology: CAES
  • Size-Power (Energy): 1 MW (4MWhr)
  • Application: Renewables
  • Location: Lebanon, Hanover, NH: Saxonville, MA
  • Utility: AES Energy Storage
  • ARRA Funding: $5,396,023
  • Project Value: $10,792,045

Design, build, and deploy a utility-scale, low-cost compressed air energy storage system to support the integration of renewable energy sources onto the grid. The 1 MW/4hr system will store potential energy in the form of compressed air in above-ground industrial pressure facilities. The technology utilizes isothermal gas cycling coupled with staged hydraulic compression and expansion to deliver an efficient and cost-effective energy storage solution.

Category 5 Totals:

  • ARRA Funding: $25,230,027
  • Project Value: $53,075,574

ARRA Energy Storage Demonstration Totals:

  • ARRA Funding: $184,989,700
  • Project Value: $771,803,818