Energy Storage Systems Safety and Reliability Forum
March 6-8, 2019


The 2019 Energy Storage Systems Safety & Reliability Forum provided a platform for discussing the current state of ESS safety and reliability and mitigation strategies for improving cell to system level safety and reliability. This open forum provided presenters an opportunity to present their work in energy storage safety and reliability, and provided attendees the chance to see the work that is creating the future of the industry.


Wednesday, March 6

Opening Remarks Imre Gyuk DOE Office of Electricity
Opening Remarks Babu Chalamala Sandia National Laboratories
Welcome video Senator Martin Heinrich United States Senate

Session 1: Setting the Stage (Session Chair – Summer Ferreira)

Innovations and Trends in Battery Pack & ESS Safety John Warner Warner Energy Consulting
Commissioning a Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) Dan Borneo Sandia National Laboratories
Balancing Business Interests and Safety David Conover Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Session 2: Understanding Failure R&D (Session Chair – Erik Spoerke)

Interplay Between Electrode Morphology and Mechanical Stress in Battery Performance and Safety Scott Roberts Sandia National Laboratories
Optical Measurement of Gas Venting & Droplet Spray from 18650 Format Lithium Ion Battery Vent Mechanisms Frank Mier New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology
Experimental Investigation of Thermal Failure Propagation through Li-ion Cell Arrays Ahmed Said University of Maryland
Design of Deflagration Venting for Li-BESS Explosion Mitigation Austin Baird The University of Texas at Austin
Toward Understanding and Preventing Cascading Failure with Computer Modeling John Hewson Sandia National Laboratories
Strict Measurement of Temperature Distribution in Evaluation Atmosphere for Precise Modeling of Large-scale BESS Propagation Phenomena Hideki Satake National Institute of Testing and Evaluation / Japan

Session 3: Incident Management and Failure Consequences (Session Chair – June Stanley)

Preventing Preventable Accidents Through Knowledge Sharing Dana Schulze National Transportation Safety Board
Thermal Runaway Risk Assessment of Li-ion Batteries Used in Energy Storage Hsin Wang Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Large Scale Testing of Energy Storage Systems: Fire Protection and Response Considerations Adam Barowy UL LLC
Energy Storage Incident Management Tom Benson Energy Storage Response Group
Safety Testing Guidance and Guidance for Safely Testing Dalan Zartman Rescue Methods

Session 4: Understanding Failure Applied (Session Chair – Steve Willard)

Design of a Fail-safe Energy Storage System – Features Which Will Help You Sleep at Night Michael Hoff NEC Energy Solutions
The Challenges Associated with Assessing Energy Storage Performance and Reliability with Large Amounts of Field Data Joe Thompson Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)
Battery Management Systems, Crucial ESS Consideration Jody Leber CSA Group


Thursday, March 7

Session 5: Codes and Standards (Session Chair – David Conover)

ESS Fire Protection Concepts in the 2021 IFC and NFPA 855 Howard Hopper UL LLC
Manufacturer Challenges to ESS Deployment Chad Kennedy Schneider Electric
Bowtie and Hazard Mitigation Analysis (HMA) as a Visual Means for Risk Analysis and Incident Planning Nick Warner Warner Energy Storage Solutions
Addressing Gaps in Safety of Energy Storage Systems Laurie Florence UL LLC
Panel Discussion

Session 6: Designing Robust Systems (Session Chair – John Holms)

Battery Fault Tolerance and Safety in High Reliability Autonomous Applications Erik Brandon NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Lifecycle Management of Advanced Batteries Dirk Spiers Spiers New Technologies
The Need for Robust Thermal Management Systems (TMS), Not Just BMS Russ Weed CleanTech Strategies LLC
Panel Discussion

Session 7: Reliability and Abuse R&D (Session Chair – Randy Shurtz)

Li-ion Battery Chemistries under Grid Duty Cycles Daiwon Choi Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Independent Storage Reliability Assessment Miles Evans Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)
Durability and Reliability of Commercial Li-Ion Cells as a Function of Chemistry and Cycling Conditions Yuliya Preger Sandia National Laboratories
Multi-Particle Reduced-Order Model for Prognostic Battery State-of-Health Monitoring Sangwoo Han SF Motors
Improved Li-ion Battery Safety Through Off-Gas Monitoring Nick Frank Nexceris

Session 8: Beyond Li-ion (Session Chair – Hsin Wang)

Techniques for Measuring Gas and Heat Generation from Batteries Quinn Horn Exponent
ESS for Addressing Bulk Power System Impacts from Distributed Energy Resources Charlie Vartanian Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Resilient Molecules to Megawatts Gary Yang UniEnergy Technologies
Designs for Safe and Reliable Thermal Energy Storage Clifford Ho Sandia National Laboratories
In-Situ Reliability Studies of Vanadium Flow Batteries Bin Li Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Closing Remarks Summer Ferreira Sandia National Laboratories


Friday, March 8

Breakout Sessions

R&D Gaps and Efforts as They Pertain to Near-Term Impacts on Storage Systems
Codes and Standards Gaps and Efforts — Science Informed Support for Responsible and Effective Storage System Implementation
Safe and Reliable Energy Storage Needs from Non-Lithium ion Technologies to Cyber Security Current Gaps and Next Steps