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Adaptive Space-Time Methods for Large Scale Optimal Design

DiPietro, Kelsey L.; Ridzal, Denis R.; Morales, Diana M.

When modeling complex physical systems with advanced dynamics, such as shocks and singularities, many classic methods for solving partial differential equations can return inaccurate or unusable results. One way to resolve these complex dynamics is through r-adaptive refinement methods, in which a fixed number of mesh points are shifted to areas of high interest. The mesh refinement map can be found through the solution of the Monge-Ampére equation, a highly nonlinear partial differential equation. Due to its nonlinearity, the numerical solution of the Monge-Ampére equation is nontrivial and has previously required computationally expensive methods. In this report, we detail our novel optimization-based, multigrid-enabled solver for a low-order finite element approximation of the Monge-Ampére equation. This fast and scalable solver makes r-adaptive meshing more readily available for problems related to large-scale optimal design. Beyond mesh adaptivity, our report discusses additional applications where our fast solver for the Monge-Ampére equation could be easily applied.

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Optimization-based, property-preserving finite element methods for scalar advection equations and their connection to Algebraic Flux Correction

Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering

Bochev, Pavel B.; Ridzal, Denis R.; D'Elia, Marta D.; Perego, Mauro P.; Peterson, Kara J.

This paper continues our efforts to exploit optimization and control ideas as a common foundation for the development of property-preserving numerical methods. Here we focus on a class of scalar advection equations whose solutions have fixed mass in a given Eulerian region and constant bounds in any Lagrangian volume. Our approach separates discretization of the equations from the preservation of their solution properties by treating the latter as optimization constraints. This relieves the discretization process from having to comply with additional restrictions and makes stability and accuracy the sole considerations in its design. A property-preserving solution is then sought as a state that minimizes the distance to an optimally accurate but not property-preserving target solution computed by the scheme, subject to constraints enforcing discrete proxies of the desired properties. We consider two such formulations in which the optimization variables are given by the nodal solution values and suitably defined nodal fluxes, respectively. A key result of the paper reveals that a standard Algebraic Flux Correction (AFC) scheme is a modified version of the second formulation obtained by shrinking its feasible set to a hypercube. We conclude with numerical studies illustrating the optimization-based formulations and comparing them with AFC.

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KKT preconditioners for pde-constrained optimization with the helmholtz equation

SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing

Kouri, Drew P.; Ridzal, Denis R.; Tuminaro, Raymond S.

This paper considers preconditioners for the linear systems that arise from optimal control and inverse problems involving the Helmholtz equation. Specifically, we explore an all-at-once approach. The main contribution centers on the analysis of two block preconditioners. Variations of these preconditioners have been proposed and analyzed in prior works for optimal control problems where the underlying partial differential equation is a Laplace-like operator. In this paper, we extend some of the prior convergence results to Helmholtz-based optimization applications. Our analysis examines situations where control variables and observations are restricted to subregions of the computational domain. We prove that solver convergence rates do not deteriorate as the mesh is refined or as the wavenumber increases. More specifically, for one of the preconditioners we prove accelerated convergence as the wavenumber increases. Additionally, in situations where the control and observation subregions are disjoint, we observe that solver convergence rates have a weak dependence on the regularization parameter. We give a partial analysis of this behavior. We illustrate the performance of the preconditioners on control problems motivated by acoustic testing.

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Optimization-based property-preserving solution recovery for fault-tolerant scalar transport

Proceedings of the 6th European Conference on Computational Mechanics: Solids, Structures and Coupled Problems, ECCM 2018 and 7th European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics, ECFD 2018

Ridzal, Denis R.; Bochev, Pavel B.

As the mean time between failures on the future high-performance computing platforms is expected to decrease to just a few minutes, the development of “smart”, property-preserving checkpointing schemes becomes imperative to avoid dramatic decreases in application utilization. In this paper we formulate a generic optimization-based approach for fault-tolerant computations, which separates property preservation from the compression and recovery stages of the checkpointing processes. We then specialize the approach to obtain a fault recovery procedure for a model scalar transport equation, which preserves local solution bounds and total mass. Numerical examples showing solution recovery from a corrupted application state for three different failure modes illustrate the potential of the approach.

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Results 1–25 of 120
Results 1–25 of 120