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Entangling-gate error from coherently displaced motional modes of trapped ions

Physical Review A

Ruzic, Brandon R.; Barrick, Todd A.; Hunker, Jeffrey D.; Law, Ryan L.; McFarland, Brian M.; McGuinness, Hayden J.; Parazzoli, L.P.; Sterk, Jonathan D.; Van Der Wall, Jay W.; Stick, Daniel L.

Entangling gates in trapped-ion quantum computers are most often applied to stationary ions with initial motional distributions that are thermal and close to the ground state, while those demonstrations that involve transport generally use sympathetic cooling to reinitialize the motional state prior to applying a gate. Future systems with more ions, however, will face greater nonthermal excitation due to increased amounts of ion transport and exacerbated by longer operational times and variations over the trap array. In addition, pregate sympathetic cooling may be limited due to time costs and laser access constraints. In this paper, we analyze the impact of such coherent motional excitation on entangling-gate error by performing simulations of Mølmer-Sørenson (MS) gates on a pair of trapped-ion qubits with both thermal and coherent excitation present in a shared motional mode at the start of the gate. Here, we quantify how a small amount of coherent displacement erodes gate performance in the presence of experimental noise, and we demonstrate that adjusting the relative phase between the initial coherent displacement and the displacement induced by the gate or using Walsh modulation can suppress this error. We then use experimental data from transported ions to analyze the impact of coherent displacement on MS-gate error under realistic conditions.

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Micro-fabricated ion traps for Quantum Information Processing; Highlights and lessons learned

Maunz, Peter L.; Blume-Kohout, Robin J.; Blain, Matthew G.; Benito, Francisco B.; Berry, Christopher W.; Clark, Craig R.; Clark, Susan M.; Colombo, Anthony P.; Dagel, Amber L.; Fortier, Kevin M.; Haltli, Raymond A.; Heller, Edwin J.; Lobser, Daniel L.; Mizrahi, Jonathan M.; Nielsen, Erik N.; Resnick, Paul J.; Rembetski, John F.; Rudinger, Kenneth M.; Scrymgeour, David S.; Sterk, Jonathan D.; Tabakov, Boyan T.; Tigges, Chris P.; Van Der Wall, Jay W.; Stick, Daniel L.

Abstract not provided.

Quantum Graph Analysis

Maunz, Peter L.; Sterk, Jonathan D.; Lobser, Daniel L.; Parekh, Ojas D.; Ryan-Anderson, Ciaran R.

In recent years, advanced network analytics have become increasingly important to na- tional security with applications ranging from cyber security to detection and disruption of ter- rorist networks. While classical computing solutions have received considerable investment, the development of quantum algorithms to address problems, such as data mining of attributed relational graphs, is a largely unexplored space. Recent theoretical work has shown that quan- tum algorithms for graph analysis can be more efficient than their classical counterparts. Here, we have implemented a trapped-ion-based two-qubit quantum information proces- sor to address these goals. Building on Sandia's microfabricated silicon surface ion traps, we have designed, realized and characterized a quantum information processor using the hyperfine qubits encoded in two 171 Yb + ions. We have implemented single qubit gates using resonant microwave radiation and have employed Gate set tomography (GST) to characterize the quan- tum process. For the first time, we were able to prove that the quantum process surpasses the fault tolerance thresholds of some quantum codes by demonstrating a diamond norm distance of less than 1 . 9 x 10 [?] 4 . We used Raman transitions in order to manipulate the trapped ions' motion and realize two-qubit gates. We characterized the implemented motion sensitive and insensitive single qubit processes and achieved a maximal process infidelity of 6 . 5 x 10 [?] 5 . We implemented the two-qubit gate proposed by Molmer and Sorensen and achieved a fidelity of more than 97 . 7%.

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11 Results
11 Results