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ALEGRA Update: Modernization and Resilience Progress

Robinson, Allen C.; Petney, Sharon P.; Drake, Richard R.; Weirs, Vincent G.; Adams, Brian M.; Vigil, Dena V.; Carpenter, John H.; Garasi, Christopher J.; Wong, Michael K.; Robbins, Joshua R.; Siefert, Christopher S.; Strack, Otto E.; Wills, Ann E.; Trucano, Timothy G.; Bochev, Pavel B.; Summers, Randall M.; Stewart, James R.; Ober, Curtis C.; Rider, William J.; Haill, Thomas A.; Lemke, Raymond W.; Cochrane, Kyle C.; Desjarlais, Michael P.; Love, Edward L.; Voth, Thomas E.; Mosso, Stewart J.; Niederhaus, John H.

Abstract not provided.

Modeling dislocations in a polycrystal using the generalized finite element method

Robbins, Joshua R.

Modeling the interaction of dislocations with internal boundaries and free surfaces is essential to understanding the effect of material microstructure on dislocation motion. However, discrete dislocation dynamics methods rely on infinite domain solutions of dislocation fields which makes modeling of heterogeneous materials difficult. A finite domain dislocation dynamics capability is under development that resolves both the dislocation array and polycrystalline structure in a compatible manner so that free surfaces and material interfaces are easily treated. In this approach the polycrystalline structure is accommodated using the GFEM, and the displacement due to the dislocation array is added to the displacement approximation. Shown in figure 1 are representative results from simulations of randomly placed and oriented dislocation sources in a cubic nickel polycrystal. Each grain has a randomly assigned (unique) material basis, and available glide planes are chosen accordingly. The change in basis between neighboring grains has an important effect on the motion of dislocations since the resolved shear on available glide planes can change dramatically. Dislocation transmission through high angle grain boundaries is assumed to occur by absorption into the boundary and subsequent nucleation in the neighboring grain. Such behavior is illustrated in figure 1d. Nucleation from the vertically oriented source in the bottom right grain is due to local stresses from dislocation pile-up in the neighboring grain. In this talk, the method and implementation is presented as well as some representative results from large scale (i.e., massively parallel) simulations of dislocation motion in cubic nano-domain nickel alloy. Particular attention will be paid to the effect of grain size on polycrystalline strength.

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An extended finite element method formulation for modeling the response of polycrystalline materials to dynamic loading

AIP Conference Proceedings

Robbins, Joshua R.; Voth, Thomas E.

The extended Finite Element Method (X-FEM) is a finite-element based discretization technique developed originally to model dynamic crack propagation [1]. Since that time the method has been used for modeling physics ranging from static meso-scale material failure to dendrite growth. Here we adapt the recent advances of Vitali and Benson [2] and Song et. al. [3] to model dynamic loading of a polycry stalline material. We use demonstration problems to examine the method's efficacy for modeling the dynamic response of polycrystalline materials at the meso-scale. Specifically, we use the X-FEM to model grain boundaries. This approach allows us to i) eliminate ad-hoc mixture rules for multi-material elements and ii) avoid explicitly meshing grain boundaries. © 2007 American Institute of Physics.

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Microstructural modeling of ferroic switching and phase transitions in PZT

Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

Robbins, Joshua R.; Khraishi, Tariq A.; Chaplya, Pavel

Niobium doped Lead Zirconate Titanate (PZT) with a Zr/Ti ratio of 95/5 (i.e., PZT 95/5-2Nb) is a ferroelectric with a rhombohedral structure at room temperature. A crystal (or a subdomain within a crystal) exhibits a spontaneous polarization in any one of eight crystallographically equivalent directions. Such a material becomes polarized when subjected to a large electric field. When the electric field is removed, a remanent polarization remains and a bound charge is stored. A displacive phase transition from a rhombohedral ferroelectric phase to an orthorhombic anti-ferroelectric phase can be induced with the application of a mechanical load. When this occurs, the material becomes depoled and the bound charge is released. The polycrystalline character of PZT 95/5-2Nb leads to highly non-uniform fields at the grain scale. These local fields lead to very complex material behavior during mechanical depoling that has important implications to device design and performance. This paper presents a microstructurally based numerical model that describes the 3D non-linear behavior of ferroelectric ceramics. The model resolves the structure of polycrystals directly in the topology of the problem domain and uses the extended finite element method (X-FEM) to solve the governing equations of electromechanics. The material response is computed from anisotropic single crystal constants and the volume fractions of the various polarization variants (i.e., three variants for rhombohedral anti-ferroelectric and eight for rhomobohedral ferroelectric ceramic). Evolution of the variant volume fractions is governed by the minimization of internally stored energy and accounts for ferroelectric and ferroelastic domain switching and phase transitions in response to the applied loads. The developed model is used to examine hydrostatic depoling in PZT 95/5-2Nb.

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Titanium cholla : lightweight, high-strength structures for aerospace applications

Gill, David D.; Atwood, Clinton J.; Robbins, Joshua R.; Voth, Thomas E.

Aerospace designers seek lightweight, high-strength structures to lower launch weight while creating structures that are capable of withstanding launch loadings. Most 'light-weighting' is done through an expensive, time-consuming, iterative method requiring experience and a repeated design/test/redesign sequence until an adequate solution is obtained. Little successful work has been done in the application of generalized 3D optimization due to the difficulty of analytical solutions, the large computational requirements of computerized solutions, and the inability to manufacture many optimized structures with conventional machining processes. The Titanium Cholla LDRD team set out to create generalized 3D optimization routines, a set of analytically optimized 3D structures for testing the solutions, and a method of manufacturing these complex optimized structures. The team developed two new computer optimization solutions: Advanced Topological Optimization (ATO) and FlexFEM, an optimization package utilizing the eXtended Finite Element Method (XFEM) software for stress analysis. The team also developed several new analytically defined classes of optimized structures. Finally, the team developed a 3D capability for the Laser Engineered Net Shaping{trademark} (LENS{reg_sign}) additive manufacturing process including process planning for 3D optimized structures. This report gives individual examples as well as one generalized example showing the optimized solutions and an optimized metal part.

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Coupling volume-of-fluid based interface reconstructions with the extended finite element method

Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering

Voth, Thomas E.; Mosso, Stewart J.; Robbins, Joshua R.

Here, we examine the coupling of the patterned-interface-reconstruction (PIR) algorithm with the extended finite element method (X-FEM) for general multi-material problems over structured and unstructured meshes. The coupled method offers the advantages of allowing for local, element-based reconstructions of the interface, and facilitates the imposition of discrete conservation laws. Of particular note is the use of an interface representation that is volume-of-fluid based, giving rise to a segmented interface representation that is not continuous across element boundaries. In conjunction with such a representation, we employ enrichment with the ridge function for treating material interfaces and an analog to Heaviside enrichment for treating free surfaces. We examine a series of benchmark problems that quantify the convergence aspects of the coupled method and examine the sensitivity to noise in the interface reconstruction. Finally, the fidelity of a remapping strategy is also examined for a moving interface problem.

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ALEGRA : version 4.6

Wong, Michael K.; Brunner, Thomas A.; Garasi, Christopher J.; Haill, Thomas A.; Mehlhorn, Thomas A.; Drake, Richard R.; Hensinger, David M.; Robbins, Joshua R.; Robinson, Allen C.; Summers, Randall M.; Voth, Thomas E.

ALEGRA is an arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian multi-material finite element code used for modeling solid dynamics problems involving large distortion and shock propagation. This document describes the basic user input language and instructions for using the software.

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ALEGRA: User Input and Physics Descriptions Version 4.2

Boucheron, Edward A.; Haill, Thomas A.; Peery, James S.; Petney, Sharon P.; Robbins, Joshua R.; Robinson, Allen C.; Summers, Randall M.; Voth, Thomas E.; Wong, Michael K.; Brown, Kevin H.; Budge, Kent G.; Burns, Shawn P.; Carroll, Daniel E.; Carroll, Susan K.; Christon, Mark A.; Drake, Richard R.; Garasi, Christopher J.

ALEGRA is an arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian finite element code that emphasizes large distortion and shock propagation. This document describes the user input language for the code.

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Results 51–69 of 69
Results 51–69 of 69