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Posters for AA/CE Reception

Kuether, Robert J.; Allensworth, Brooke M.; Backer, Adam B.; Chen, Elton Y.; Dingreville, Remi P.; Forrest, Eric C.; Knepper, Robert; Tappan, Alexander S.; Marquez, Michael P.; Vasiliauskas, Jonathan G.; Rupper, Stephen G.; Grant, Michael J.; Atencio, Lauren C.; Hipple, Tyler J.; Maes, Danae M.; Timlin, Jerilyn A.; Ma, Tian J.; Garcia, Rudy J.; Danford, Forest L.; Patrizi, Laura P.; Galasso, Jennifer G.; Draelos, Timothy J.; Gunda, Thushara G.; Venezuela, Otoniel V.; Brooks, Wesley A.; Anthony, Stephen M.; Carson, Bryan C.; Reeves, Michael J.; Roach, Matthew R.; Maines, Erin M.; Lavin, Judith M.; Whetten, Shaun R.; Swiler, Laura P.

Abstract not provided.

Dynamic tuning of seismic signal detector trigger levels for local networks

Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America

Draelos, Timothy J.; Peterson, Matthew G.; Knox, Hunter A.; Lawry, Benjamin J.; Phillips-Alonge, Kristin E.; Ziegler, Abra E.; Chael, Eric P.; Young, Christopher J.; Faust, Aleksandra

The quality of automatic signal detections from sensor networks depends on individual detector trigger levels (TLs) from each sensor. The largely manual process of identifying effective TLs is painstaking and does not guarantee optimal configuration settings, yet achieving superior automatic detection of signals and ultimately, events, is closely related to these parameters. We present a Dynamic Detector Tuning (DDT) system that automatically adjusts effective TL settings for signal detectors to the current state of the environment by leveraging cooperation within a local neighborhood of network sensors. After a stabilization period, the DDT algorithm can adapt in near-real time to changing conditions and automatically tune a signal detector to identify (detect) signals from only events of interest. Our current work focuses on reducing false signal detections early in the seismic signal processing pipeline, which leads to fewer false events and has a significant impact on reducing analyst time and effort. This system provides an important new method to automatically tune detector TLs for a network of sensors and is applicable to both existing sensor performance boosting and new sensor deployment. With ground truth on detections from a local neighborhood of seismic sensors within a network monitoring the Mount Erebus volcano in Antarctica, we show that DDT reduces the number of false detections by 18% and the number of missed detections by 11% when compared with optimal fixed TLs for all sensors.

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Neurogenesis deep learning: Extending deep networks to accommodate new classes

Proceedings of the International Joint Conference on Neural Networks

Draelos, Timothy J.; Miner, Nadine E.; Lamb, Christopher L.; Cox, Jonathan A.; Vineyard, Craig M.; Carlson, Kristofor D.; Severa, William M.; James, Conrad D.; Aimone, James B.

Neural machine learning methods, such as deep neural networks (DNN), have achieved remarkable success in a number of complex data processing tasks. These methods have arguably had their strongest impact on tasks such as image and audio processing - data processing domains in which humans have long held clear advantages over conventional algorithms. In contrast to biological neural systems, which are capable of learning continuously, deep artificial networks have a limited ability for incorporating new information in an already trained network. As a result, methods for continuous learning are potentially highly impactful in enabling the application of deep networks to dynamic data sets. Here, inspired by the process of adult neurogenesis in the hippocampus, we explore the potential for adding new neurons to deep layers of artificial neural networks in order to facilitate their acquisition of novel information while preserving previously trained data representations. Our results on the MNIST handwritten digit dataset and the NIST SD 19 dataset, which includes lower and upper case letters and digits, demonstrate that neurogenesis is well suited for addressing the stability-plasticity dilemma that has long challenged adaptive machine learning algorithms.

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A historical survey of algorithms and hardware architectures for neural-inspired and neuromorphic computing applications

Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures

James, Conrad D.; Aimone, James B.; Miner, Nadine E.; Vineyard, Craig M.; Rothganger, Fredrick R.; Carlson, Kristofor D.; Mulder, Samuel A.; Draelos, Timothy J.; Faust, Aleksandra; Marinella, Matthew J.; Naegle, John H.; Plimpton, Steven J.

Biological neural networks continue to inspire new developments in algorithms and microelectronic hardware to solve challenging data processing and classification problems. Here, we survey the history of neural-inspired and neuromorphic computing in order to examine the complex and intertwined trajectories of the mathematical theory and hardware developed in this field. Early research focused on adapting existing hardware to emulate the pattern recognition capabilities of living organisms. Contributions from psychologists, mathematicians, engineers, neuroscientists, and other professions were crucial to maturing the field from narrowly-tailored demonstrations to more generalizable systems capable of addressing difficult problem classes such as object detection and speech recognition. Algorithms that leverage fundamental principles found in neuroscience such as hierarchical structure, temporal integration, and robustness to error have been developed, and some of these approaches are achieving world-leading performance on particular data classification tasks. In addition, novel microelectronic hardware is being developed to perform logic and to serve as memory in neuromorphic computing systems with optimized system integration and improved energy efficiency. Key to such advancements was the incorporation of new discoveries in neuroscience research, the transition away from strict structural replication and towards the functional replication of neural systems, and the use of mathematical theory frameworks to guide algorithm and hardware developments.

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Hybrid cryptography key management

Torgerson, Mark D.; Beaver, Cheryl L.; Collins, Michael J.; Draelos, Timothy J.; Gallup, Donald R.; Neumann, William D.; Torgerson, Mark D.

Wireless communication networks are highly resource-constrained; thus many security protocols which work in other settings may not be efficient enough for use in wireless environments. This report considers a variety of cryptographic techniques which enable secure, authenticated communication when resources such as processor speed, battery power, memory, and bandwidth are tightly limited.

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Experiments on Adaptive Techniques for Host-Based Intrusion Detection

Draelos, Timothy J.; Collins, Michael J.; Duggan, David P.; Thomas, Edward V.

This research explores four experiments of adaptive host-based intrusion detection (ID) techniques in an attempt to develop systems that can detect novel exploits. The technique considered to have the most potential is adaptive critic designs (ACDs) because of their utilization of reinforcement learning, which allows learning exploits that are difficult to pinpoint in sensor data. Preliminary results of ID using an ACD, an Elman recurrent neural network, and a statistical anomaly detection technique demonstrate an ability to learn to distinguish between clean and exploit data. We used the Solaris Basic Security Module (BSM) as a data source and performed considerable preprocessing on the raw data. A detection approach called generalized signature-based ID is recommended as a middle ground between signature-based ID, which has an inability to detect novel exploits, and anomaly detection, which detects too many events including events that are not exploits. The primary results of the ID experiments demonstrate the use of custom data for generalized signature-based intrusion detection and the ability of neural network-based systems to learn in this application environment.

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24 Results
24 Results