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Integrating PGAS and MPI-based Graph Analysis

McCrary, Trevor M.; Devine, Karen D.; Younge, Andrew J.

This project demonstrates that Chapel programs can interface with MPI-based libraries written in C++ without storing multiple copies of shared data. Chapel is a language for productive parallel computing using global address spaces (PGAS). We identified two approaches to interface Chapel code with the MPI-based Grafiki and Trilinos libraries. The first uses a single Chapel executable to call a C function that interacts with the C++ libraries. The second uses the mmap function to allow separate executables to read and write to the same block of memory on a node. We also encapsulated the second approach in Docker/Singularity containers to maximize ease of use. Comparisons of the two approaches using shared and distributed memory installations of Chapel show that both approaches provide similar scalability and performance.

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Topology Optimization with a Manufacturability Objective

Robbins, Joshua R.

Part distortion and residual stress are critical factors for metal additive manufacturing (AM) because they can lead to high failure rates during both manufacturing and service. We present a topology optimization approach that incorporates a fast AM process simulation at each design iteration to provide predictions of manufacturing outcomes (i.e., residual stress, distortion, residual elastic energy) that can be optimized or constrained. The details of the approach and implementation are discussed, and an example design is presented that illustrates the efficacy of the method.

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Biologically Inspired Interception on an Unmanned System

Chance, Frances S.; Little, Charles; McKenzie, Marcus M.; Dellana, Ryan A.; Small, Daniel E.; Gayle, Thomas R.; Novick, David K.

Borrowing from nature, neural-inspired interception algorithms were implemented onboard a vehicle. To maximize success, work was conducted in parallel within a simulated environment and on physical hardware. The intercept vehicle used only optical imaging to detect and track the target. A successful outcome is the proof-of-concept demonstration of a neural-inspired algorithm autonomously guiding a vehicle to intercept a moving target. This work tried to establish the key parameters for the intercept algorithm (sensors and vehicle) and expand the knowledge and capabilities of implementing neural-inspired algorithms in simulation and on hardware.

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MFNets: data efficient all-at-once learning of multifidelity surrogates as directed networks of information sources

Computational Mechanics

Gorodetsky, Alex A.; Jakeman, J.D.; Geraci, G.

We present an approach for constructing a surrogate from ensembles of information sources of varying cost and accuracy. The multifidelity surrogate encodes connections between information sources as a directed acyclic graph, and is trained via gradient-based minimization of a nonlinear least squares objective. While the vast majority of state-of-the-art assumes hierarchical connections between information sources, our approach works with flexibly structured information sources that may not admit a strict hierarchy. The formulation has two advantages: (1) increased data efficiency due to parsimonious multifidelity networks that can be tailored to the application; and (2) no constraints on the training data—we can combine noisy, non-nested evaluations of the information sources. Numerical examples ranging from synthetic to physics-based computational mechanics simulations indicate the error in our approach can be orders-of-magnitude smaller, particularly in the low-data regime, than single-fidelity and hierarchical multifidelity approaches.

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Evaluation of Programming Language-Aware Diffs for Improving Developer Productivity

Siefert, Christopher S.; Smith, Timothy A.; Ridgway, Elliott M.

As the number of supported platforms for SNL software increases, so do the testing requirements. This increases the total time spent between when a developer submits code for testing, and when tests are completed. This in turn leads developers to hold off submitting code for testing, meaning that when code is ready for testing there's a lot more of it. This increases the likelihood of merge conflicts which the developer must resolve by hand -- because someone else touched the files near the lines the developer touched. Current text-based diff tools often have trouble resolving conflicts in these cases. Work in Europe and Japan has demonstrated that, using programming language aware diff tools (e.g., using the abstract syntax tree (AST) a compiler might generate) can reduce the manual labor necessary to resolve merge conflicts. These techniques can detect code blocks which have moved, as opposed than current text-based diff tools, which only detect insertions / deletions of text blocks. In this study, we evaluate one such tool, GumTree, and see how effective it is as a replacement for traditional text-based diff approaches.

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Adapting Secure MultiParty Computation to Support Machine Learning in Radio Frequency Sensor Networks

Berry, Jonathan W.; Ganti, Anand G.; Goss, Kenneth G.; Mayer, Carolyn D.; Onunkwo, Uzoma O.; Phillips, Cynthia A.; Saia, Jared S.; Shead, Timothy M.

In this project we developed and validated algorithms for privacy-preserving linear regression using a new variant of Secure Multiparty Computation (MPC) we call "Hybrid MPC" (hMPC). Our variant is intended to support low-power, unreliable networks of sensors with low-communication, fault-tolerant algorithms. In hMPC we do not share training data, even via secret sharing. Thus, agents are responsible for protecting their own local data. Only the machine learning (ML) model is protected with information-theoretic security guarantees against honest-but-curious agents. There are three primary advantages to this approach: (1) after setup, hMPC supports a communication-efficient matrix multiplication primitive, (2) organizations prevented by policy or technology from sharing any of their data can participate as agents in hMPC, and (3) large numbers of low-power agents can participate in hMPC. We have also created an open-source software library named "Cicada" to support hMPC applications with fault-tolerance. The fault-tolerance is important in our applications because the agents are vulnerable to failure or capture. We have demonstrated this capability at Sandia's Autonomy New Mexico laboratory through a simple machine-learning exercise with Raspberry Pi devices capturing and classifying images while flying on four drones.

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Exploring wave propagation in heterogeneous metastructures using the relaxed micromorphic model

Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids

Alberdi, Ryan A.; Robbins, Joshua R.; Walsh, Timothy W.; Dingreville, Remi P.

Metamaterials are artificial structures that can manipulate and control sound waves in ways not possible with conventional materials. While much effort has been undertaken to widen the bandgaps produced by these materials through design of heterogeneities within unit cells, comparatively little work has considered the effect of engineering heterogeneities at the structural scale by combining different types of unit cells. In this paper, we use the relaxed micromorphic model to study wave propagation in heterogeneous metastructures composed of different unit cells. We first establish the efficacy of the relaxed micromorphic model for capturing the salient characteristics of dispersive wave propagation through comparisons with direct numerical simulations for two classes of metamaterial unit cells: namely phononic crystals and locally resonant metamaterials. We then use this model to demonstrate how spatially arranging multiple unit cells into metastructures can lead to tailored and unique properties such as spatially-dependent broadband wave attenuation, rainbow trapping, and pulse shaping. In the case of the broadband wave attenuation application, we show that by building layered metastructures from different metamaterial unit cells, we can slow down or stop wave packets in an enlarged frequency range, while letting other frequencies through. In the case of the rainbow-trapping application, we show that spatial arrangements of different unit cells can be designed to progressively slow down and eventually stop waves with different frequencies at different spatial locations. Finally, in the case of the pulse-shaping application, our results show that heterogeneous metastructures can be designed to tailor the spatial profile of a propagating wave packet. Collectively, these results show the versatility of the relaxed micromorphic model for effectively and accurately simulating wave propagation in heterogeneous metastructures, and how this model can be used to design heterogeneous metastructures with tailored wave propagation functionalities.

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Characterization and Optimization of Building Blocks for Specialized Computing Platforms

Ruzic, Brandon R.; Young, Kevin C.; Metodi, Tzvetan S.

As noise limits the performance of quantum processors, the ability to characterize this noise and develop methods to overcome it is essential for the future of quantum computing. In this report, we develop a complete set of tools for improving quantum processor performance at the application level, including low-level physical models of quantum gates, a numerically efficient method of producing process matrices that span a wide range of model parameters, and full-channel quantum simulations. We then provide a few examples of how to use these tools to study the effects of noise on quantum circuits.

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Results 276–300 of 9,998
Results 276–300 of 9,998