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Composing preconditioners for multiphysics PDE systems with applications to Generalized MHD

Tuminaro, Raymond S.; Crockatt, Michael M.; Robinson, Allen C.

New patch smoothers or relaxation techniques are developed for solving linear matrix equations coming from systems of discretized partial differential equations (PDEs). One key linear solver challenge for many PDE systems arises when the resulting discretization matrix has a near null space that has a large dimension, which can occur in generalized magnetohydrodynamic (GMHD) systems. Patch-based relaxation is highly effective for problems when the null space can be spanned by a basis of locally supported vectors. The patch-based relaxation methods that we develop can be used either within an algebraic multigrid (AMG) hierarchy or as stand-alone preconditioners. These patch-based relaxation techniques are a form of well-known overlapping Schwarz methods where the computational domain is covered with a series of overlapping sub-domains (or patches). Patch relaxation then corresponds to solving a set of independent linear systems associated with each patch. In the context of GMHD, we also reformulate the underlying discrete representation used to generate a suitable set of matrix equations. In general, deriving a discretization that accurately approximates the curl operator and the Hall term while also producing linear systems with physically meaningful near null space properties can be challenging. Unfortunately, many natural discretization choices lead to a near null space that includes non-physical oscillatory modes and where it is not possible to span the near null space with a minimal set of locally supported basis vectors. Further discretization research is needed to understand the resulting trade-offs between accuracy, stability, and ease in solving the associated linear systems.

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An introduction to developing GitLab/Jacamar runner analyst centric workflows at Sandia

Robinson, Allen C.; Swan, Matthew S.; Harvey, Evan C.; Klein, Brandon T.; Lawson, Gary L.; Milewicz, Reed M.; Pedretti, Kevin P.; Schmitz, Mark E.; Warnock, Scott A.

This document provides very basic background information and initial enabling guidance for computational analysts to develop and utilize GitOps practices within the Common Engineering Environment (CEE) and High Performance Computing (HPC) computational environment at Sandia National Laboratories through GitLab/Jacamar runner based workflows.

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Statistical Distributions for Mesh Independent Solutions in ALEGRA

Merrell, David P.; Robinson, Allen C.; Sanchez, Jason J.

The representation of material heterogeneity (also referred to as "spatial variation") plays a key role in the material failure simulation method used in ALEGRA. ALEGRA is an arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian shock and multiphysics code developed at Sandia National Laboratories and contains several methods for incorporating spatial variation into simulations. A desirable property of a spatial variation method is that it should produce consistent stochastic behavior regardless of the mesh used (a property referred to as "mesh independence"). However, mesh dependence has been reported using the Weibull distribution with ALEGRA's spatial variation method. This report describes efforts towards providing additional insight into both the theory and numerical experiments investigating such mesh dependence. In particular, we have implemented a discrete minimum order statistic model with properties that are theoretically mesh independent.

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Towards Predictive Plasma Science and Engineering through Revolutionary Multi-Scale Algorithms and Models (Final Report)

Laity, George R.; Robinson, Allen C.; Cuneo, M.E.; Alam, Mary K.; Beckwith, Kristian B.; Bennett, Nichelle L.; Bettencourt, Matthew T.; Bond, Stephen D.; Cochrane, Kyle C.; Criscenti, Louise C.; Cyr, Eric C.; De Zetter, Karen J.; Drake, Richard R.; Evstatiev, Evstati G.; Fierro, Andrew S.; Gardiner, Thomas A.; Glines, Forrest W.; Goeke, Ronald S.; Hamlin, Nathaniel D.; Hooper, Russell H.; Koski, Jason K.; Lane, James M.; Larson, Steven R.; Leung, Kevin L.; McGregor, Duncan A.; Miller, Philip R.; Miller, Sean M.; Ossareh, Susan J.; Phillips, Edward G.; Simpson, Sean S.; Sirajuddin, David S.; Smith, Thomas M.; Swan, Matthew S.; Thompson, Aidan P.; Tranchida, Julien G.; Bortz-Johnson, Asa J.; Welch, Dale R.; Russell, Alex M.; Watson, Eric D.; Rose, David V.; McBride, Ryan D.

This report describes the high-level accomplishments from the Plasma Science and Engineering Grand Challenge LDRD at Sandia National Laboratories. The Laboratory has a need to demonstrate predictive capabilities to model plasma phenomena in order to rapidly accelerate engineering development in several mission areas. The purpose of this Grand Challenge LDRD was to advance the fundamental models, methods, and algorithms along with supporting electrode science foundation to enable a revolutionary shift towards predictive plasma engineering design principles. This project integrated the SNL knowledge base in computer science, plasma physics, materials science, applied mathematics, and relevant application engineering to establish new cross-laboratory collaborations on these topics. As an initial exemplar, this project focused efforts on improving multi-scale modeling capabilities that are utilized to predict the electrical power delivery on large-scale pulsed power accelerators. Specifically, this LDRD was structured into three primary research thrusts that, when integrated, enable complex simulations of these devices: (1) the exploration of multi-scale models describing the desorption of contaminants from pulsed power electrodes, (2) the development of improved algorithms and code technologies to treat the multi-physics phenomena required to predict device performance, and (3) the creation of a rigorous verification and validation infrastructure to evaluate the codes and models across a range of challenge problems. These components were integrated into initial demonstrations of the largest simulations of multi-level vacuum power flow completed to-date, executed on the leading HPC computing machines available in the NNSA complex today. These preliminary studies indicate relevant pulsed power engineering design simulations can now be completed in (of order) several days, a significant improvement over pre-LDRD levels of performance.

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Pulsed power accelerator surface Joule heating models

Physics of Plasmas

Robinson, Allen C.; Porwitzky, Andrew J.

Understanding the effects of contaminant plasmas generated within the Z machine at Sandia is critical to understanding current loss mechanisms. The plasmas are generated at the accelerator electrode surfaces and include desorbed species found in the surface and substrate of the walls. These desorbed species can become ionized. The timing and location of contaminant species desorbed from the wall surface depend non-linearly on the local surface temperature. For accurate modeling, it is necessary to utilize wall heating models to estimate the amount and timing of material desorption. One of these heating mechanisms is Joule heating. We propose several extended semi-analytic magnetic diffusion heating models for computing surface Joule heating and demonstrate their effects for several representative current histories. We quantitatively assess under what circumstances these extensions to classical formulas may provide a validatable improvement to the understanding of contaminant desorption timing.

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An indirect ALE discretization of single fluid plasma without a fast magnetosonic time step restriction

Computers and Mathematics with Applications

McGregor, D.A.; Robinson, Allen C.

In this paper we present an adjustment to traditional ALE discretizations of resistive MHD where we do not neglect the time derivative of the electric displacement field. This system is referred to variously as a perfect electromagnetic fluid or a single fluid plasma although we refer to the system as Full Maxwell Hydrodynamics (FMHD) in order to evoke its similarities to resistive Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD). Unlike the MHD system the characteristics of this system do not become arbitrarily large in the limit of low densities. In order to take advantage of these improved characteristics of the system we must tightly couple the electromagnetics into the Lagrangian motion and do away with more traditional operator splitting. We provide a number of verification tests to demonstrate both accuracy of the method and an asymptotic preserving (AP) property. In addition we present a prototype calculation of a Z-pinch and find very good agreement between our algorithm and resistive MHD. Further, FMHD leads to a large performance gain (approximately 4.6x speed up) compared to resistive MHD. We unfortunately find our proposed algorithm does not conserve charge leaving us with an open problem.

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Recent Diagnostic Platform Accomplishments for Studying Vacuum Power Flow Physics at the Sandia Z Accelerator

Laity, George R.; Aragon, Carlos A.; Bennett, Nichelle L.; Bliss, David E.; Dolan, Daniel H.; Fierro, Andrew S.; Gomez, Matthew R.; Hess, Mark H.; Hutsel, Brian T.; Jennings, Christopher A.; Johnston, Mark D.; Kossow, Michael R.; Lamppa, Derek C.; Martin, Matthew; Patel, Sonal P.; Porwitzky, Andrew J.; Robinson, Allen C.; Rose, David V.; VanDevender, Pace V.; Waisman, Eduardo M.; Webb, Timothy J.; Welch, Dale R.; Rochau, G.A.; Savage, Mark E.; Stygar, William S.; White, William M.; Sinars, Daniel S.; Cuneo, M.E.

Abstract not provided.

Results 1–25 of 112
Results 1–25 of 112