Publications / Conference Poster

A nonlocal strain measure for DIC

Turner, Daniel Z.; Lehoucq, Richard B.; Reu, Phillip L.

It is well known that the derivative-based classical approach to strain is problematic when the displacement field is irregular, noisy, or discontinuous. Difficulties arise wherever the displacements are not differentiable. We present an alternative, nonlocal approach to calculating strain from digital image correlation (DIC) data that is well-defined and robust, even for the pathological cases that undermine the classical strain measure. This integral formulation for strain has no spatial derivatives and when the displacement field is smooth, the nonlocal strain and the classical strain are identical. We submit that this approach to computing strains from displacements will greatly improve the fidelity and efficacy of DIC for new application spaces previously untenable in the classical framework.