"How SAFE are radioactive material transportation packages?"
SAFE
HOME

RAM
PACKAGES

TESTING &
CERTIFICATION
REGULATIONS
& GUIDANCE
SEARCH
SITE MAP

RAM Links
Emergency Response
Effects of Radiation
Exposure
Sources of Radiation
Biological Responses
Other Effects
History
Gallery
Glossary of Nuclear Terms
[Majority from NRC]
Contacts
Comments & Questions
[RAD Pie Chart]
Exposure Source Average annual dose to an individual in the United States (millirem)
Natural sources (including radon)
- Ground, cosmic, and terrestrial
- Internal radiation
200 mrem
100 mrem
Occupational 0.9 mrem
Nuclear Fuel Cycle 0.05 mrem
Consumer Products
- Tobacco
- Other (i.e., smoke detectors, exit signs, luminous watch dials)

Dose to lungs ~16,000 mrem
5 - 13 mrem
Environmental Sources 0.06 mrem
Medical
- Diagnostic X-rays
- Nuclear Medicine
39 mrem
14 mrem
Approximate Annual Total 360 mrem

[Radiation]

Everyone in the world is continuously exposed to naturally-occuring background radiation. The average radiation dose received by the United States population is given in the table above. This data was extracted from material contained in National Council on Radiation Protection (NCRP), Report No. 93, "Ionizing Radiation Exposure of the Population of the United States," 1987. (this link is only the abstract from the report)

DOE | NTP Headquarters | NTP Albuquerque Operations
Sandia National Laboratories | Nuclear Energy & Fuel Cucle Programs
Acknowledgment and Disclaimer