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How are packages certified?
What are full-scale tests?
What are scale-model tests?
What is computer analysis?
What are examples of severe testing?
How do the certification tests compare to real-life accidents?
Demonstrating target hardness.
These full-scale tests, conducted at Sandia National Laboratories Transportation Programs, demonstrate how spent fuel casks perform in accident environments that are more similar to what may happen during actual shipments. Each of the tests included the transportation vehicle as well as the cask. The damage to the casks from these tests was less than the damage during the regulatory hypothetical accident tests, demonstrating that the regulatory tests are more severe.

DESCRIPTION PHOTO DURING TEST PHOTO AFTER TEST PHOTO OF PACKAGE
AFTER TEST
VIDEO OF TEST
CRASH TEST
Cask rail car with a 74 ton Type B Package on it crashing into a 690 ton concrete block at 81 miles per hour
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FIRE TEST
Cask rail car with a 74 ton, Type B Package on it burning in a pool fire for 90 minutes at 1800 degrees Fahrenheit, three times the duration of qualification test criteria
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CRASH TEST
A flatbed semi-trailer carrying a 22 ton Type B Package on it crashing into a 690 ton concrete block at 60 miles per hour
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CRASH TEST
A flatbed semi-trailer carrying a 24 ton Type B Package on it being struck by a 150 ton diesel locomotive traveling at 81 miles per hour
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SPENT FUEL CASK TO A PROPANE TANK EXPLOSION
A LPG propane tank set on fire to investigate the tank's explosion effects on the CASTOR cask.

RAMTRANS publication 1999, No. 4, pp. 231-240, Bundesanstalt fur Materialforschung und -prufung
(BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research & Testing)
Located in Berlin, Germany

www.bam.de

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