"How SAFE are radioactive material transportation packages?"
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How are packages certified?
What are full-scale tests?
What are scale-model tests?
What is computer analysis?
What are examples of severe testing?
How do the certification tests compare to real-life accidents?
Real-Life Accidents
Free Drop Comparison
Crush Comparison
Puncture Comparison
Fire Comparison
Immersion Comparison
Demonstrating target hardness.
Comparison of the Puncture Test to a
Passenger Cruise Ship and Cargo Ship Collision
Immersion Test
[IMMRSN test]
Click to view picture
Real-life Accident Comparison
[IMMRSN scenario]
Click to view picture
Real-life scenarios that the above test is designed to protect against include the package falling into a body of water.

The waste package shown is as robust for immersion as a submarine would be.

On August 24, 1999, the luxury cruise ship Norwegian Dream anchored in Dover, England, after it collided with a burning container ship the Ever Decent off Britain's southeast coast. Cargo packages from the Ever Decent lie on the smashed bow of the cruise ship.

Three of the 2,400 passengers aboard the Norwegian Dream cruise ship suffered minor injuries from the collision, but remained on board until the ship docked.

QUESTION:
What would have happened if a Type B RAM package was pushed into the sea as a result of this kind of accident?

ANSWER:
There would be no release of radioactive material.

QUESTION:
In a more severe situation, what would have happened if a ship with sufficient size and weight struck and penetrated a RAM carring ship?

ANSWER:
In this case, the RAM package would be pushed through the hull and out into the sea without being significantly damaged. There would be no release of radioactive material.

What forces are present in this accident?

DOE | NTP Headquarters | NTP Albuquerque Operations
Sandia National Laboratories | Nuclear Energy & Fuel Cucle Programs
Acknowledgment and Disclaimer