|Good Beam Quality||High power (Watt)|
|External mirror makes transverse mode control robust||NIR lasers around 1 µm could replace cw diode pumped Nd lasers|
|Intracavity nonlinear Optics (possible)||(visible) for projection displays and to replace Ar+ lasers|
|Increased beam diameter over VCSEL||Pump source for communication amplifiers|
|Compact||Green, blue and near-UV sources|
40% optical-optical efficiency has been demonstrated (more should be possible)
|Several wavelengths are available in low and high power configurations||digital imaging, flow cytometry, drug discovery, DNA sequencing, & wafer inspection|
|compact, efficient for chem lab on a chip|
Optically pumped VECSELs have a simple cavity. Optical pumping is convenient, efficient and can be made compact.
Electrically injected VECSELs are challenging due to current injection issues.
|W. J. Alford||Andy Allerman||Ron Allman||Mike Bannis|
|Weng Chow||Mary Crawford||Peter Esherick||Art Fischer|
|T. D. Raymond||Darwin Serkland||Arlee Smith||Channy Wong|