Status of Codes and Standards

U.S. codes and standards, as covered above, are developed in the voluntary sector through the efforts of standards development organizations (SDOs), although they can also be developed directly by those having the authority to adopt and apply requirements applicable to ESS technology installations. In most cases, those adopting requirements associated with ESS safety will base their requirements on the codes and standards developed by U.S. SDOs and then as warranted make administrative and possibly technical modifications to those requirements.  The adoption process is discussed under the codes and standards adoption section of this site [insert a click through to the adoption segment of the content as provided below].

There are a number of SDOs involved in the development of new and revision of existing codes and standards. The following Table contains existing CS that have been identified as relevant to ESS and as such are candidates for updating or if new and under development completion of the first edition of the CS. A link is provided to the organization sponsoring the CS and their information that applies to the subject CS and the updating process.

This page is a collaborative resource. If you know of an energy storage safety relevant code or standard that is under development or in revision, e-mail us (energystorage@sandia.gov) and put the words “codes and standards” in the subject.

 

Model Codes
SDO Website Status/Activities
ICC
ICC IFC – International Fire Code

 

http://www.iccsafe.org •        2018 edition finalized to be published in late 2017.

•        Next activity is to develop 2021 editions.

•        Task force under the Fire Code Action Committee is developing proposed changes to the 2018 editions of the I-Codes that relate to energy storage.

•        Proposed changes are due to the ICC January 8, 2018.

ICC IRC – International Residential Code

 

http://www.iccsafe.org

 

·        2018 edition finalized to be published in late 2017.

·        Next activity is to develop 2021 editions.

·        Proposed changes are due to the ICC January 8, 2018 (except January 7, 2019 for the IRC     Building provisions).

ICC IBC – International Building Code http://www.iccsafe.org/ •        Next activity is to develop 2021 editions.

•        Proposed changes are due to the ICC January 8, 2018 (except January 7, 2019 for the IBC structural provisions).

ICC IMC – International Mechanical Code

 

http://www.iccsafe.org/

 

•        2018 edition finalized to be published in late 2017.

•        Next activity is to develop 2021 editions.

•        Proposed changes are due to the ICC January 8, 2018.

ICC IPC – International Plumbing Code

 

http://www.iccsafe.org/

 

•        2018 edition finalized to be published in late 2017.

•        Next activity is to develop 2021 editions.

•        Proposed changes are due to the ICC January 8, 2018.

NFPA
NFPA 1 – Fire Code

 

http://www.nfpa.org/

 

•        Most recent published edition is 2015.

•        2018 edition to be voted on at the June 2017 NFPA Convention.

•        Proposed changes to the 2018 edition that will be considered for the 2021 edition are due in 2018.

•        Work should begin in mid-2017 on development of proposed changes related to ESS via a task force established to develop changes to the 2015 edition on ESS that will be seated to work on possible changes to the 2018 edition.

NFPA 70 – National Electrical Code

 

http://www.nfpa.org/ •        2017 Edition approved and published.

•        Proposed changes to the 2017 edition that will be considered for the 2020 edition are due September 7, 2017.

•        Work should begin in mid-2017 on development of proposed changes related to ESS via a task force established to develop changes to the 2014 edition on ESS that will be seated to work on possible changes to the 2017 edition.

NFPA 70E – Standard for Electrical Safety in the Workplace

 

http://www.nfpa.org/

 

•        Most recent published edition is 2015.

•        2018 edition to be voted on at the June 2017 NFPA Convention.

•        Proposed changes to the 2018 edition that will be considered for the 2021 edition are due in 2018.

NFPA 101 – Life Safety Code

 

http://www.nfpa.org/

 

•        Most recent published edition is 2015.

•        2018 edition to be voted on at the June 2017 NFPA Convention.

•        Proposed changes to the 2018 edition that will be considered for the 2021 edition are due in 2018.

NFPA 110 – Standard for Emergency and Standby Power Systems

 

http://www.nfpa.org/

 

•        2016 edition published.

•        First draft report on proposed changes published February 27, 2017 and public comment due May 10, 2017.

•        Second draft report to be posted January 24, 2018 and final action on the 2019 edition will take place at the 2018 NFPA Convention.

NFPA 111 – Standard on Stored Electrical Energy Emergency and Standby Power Systems http://www.nfpa.org/

 

•        2016 Edition published.

•        Public input closing date June 29, 2016.

•        First draft report to be posted February 27, 2017.

NFPA 704 – Standard System for the Identification of the Hazards of Materials for Emergency Response http://www.nfpa.org/ •        2017 edition published.

•        Public input closing date June 26, 2019.

NFPA 791 – Recommended Practice and Procedures for Unlabeled Electrical Equipment Evaluation http://www.nfpa.org/ •        Most recent published edition is 2014.

•        2018 edition to be voted on at the June 2017 NFPA Convention.

•        Proposed changes to the 2018 edition that will be considered for the 2022 edition are due in 2019.

NFPA 850 – Recommended Practice for Fire Protection for Electric Generating Plants and High Voltage Direct Current Converter Stations http://www.nfpa.org/

 

•        2015 edition published.

•        Public input closing date January 4, 2018.

NFPA 853 – Standard for the Installation of Stationary Fuel Cell Power Systems http://www.nfpa.org/ •        2015 edition published.

•        Public input closing date January 4, 2018.

NFPA 855 – Standard for the Installation of Stationary Energy Storage Systems

 

http://www.nfpa.org/ ·        Committee to produce a first draft for public review was established in late 2016.

·        Committee has a draft standard under development and is targeting voting out a draft in the summer of 2017 with a recommendation to the Standards Council that it be approved for public review and comment.

NFPA 5000 – Building Construction and Safety Code 

 

http://www.nfpa.org/

 

•        Most recent published edition is 2015.

•        2018 edition to be voted on at the June 2017 NFPA Convention.

•        Proposed changes to the 2018 edition that will be considered for the 2021 edition are due in 2018.

Standards
ASME
ASME TES-1 – Safety Guideline for Molten Salt Thermal Energy Storage Systems https://www.asme.org ·        Committee formed and is developing a first draft of the document.

 

CSA
CSA 283 – Battery Reuse ·        Committee formed to develop a first draft of the standard.
IEEE
IEEE C2 – National Electrical Safety Code http://standards.ieee.org/ •        Publication of 2017 Edition August 2016.
IEEE 1635-2012R (ASHRAE GPC 21-2012R) – Guide for the Ventilation and Thermal Management of Batteries for Stationary Applications https://www.ashrae.org/

 

•        Committee working on an update to the 2012 edition to send out for public review.

•        Conference call held, Thursday, April 7, 2017 (for additional information contact Deep Gosh, Chair of GPC 21 at dghosh@southernco.com).

IEEE P1679.1 – Guide for the Characterization and Evaluation of Lithium-Based Batteries in Stationary Applications https://standards.ieee.org/

 

•        Drafting of the standard is underway.
IEEE P1679.2 – Guide for the Characterization and Evaluation of Sodium-Based Batteries in Stationary Applications https://standards.ieee.org/

 

•        Drafting of the standard is underway.

 

IEEE P2030.2.1 – Guide for Design, Operation, Maintenance of Battery Energy Storage Systems, both Stationary and Mobile, and Applications Integrated with Electric Power Systems https://standards.ieee.org/ •        Working Group is active in development of a standard.

 

IEEE P2030.3 – Standard for Test Procedures for Electric Energy Storage Equipment and Systems for Electric Power Systems Applications https://standards.ieee.org/

 

•        Working Group is active in development of a standard.

 

NECA
NECA 416 – Recommended Practice for Installing Stored Energy Systems http://www.necanet.org/ ·        Currently under development.

·        Appendix being developed that contains a compliance checklist (PNNL provided input and a copy of the ESS Compliance Guide and Compliance Checklist).

UL
UL 1973 – Batteries for Use in Light Electric Rail (LER) Applications and Stationary Applications http://ulstandards.ul.com •        Standard is published and is adopted by reference in model codes and other standards.

•        Proposal Submissions: Anyone can submit a proposal for a change to a UL Standard at any time.  All proposals must be submitted via the CSDS system.

 

UL 1974 – Evaluation of Batteries for Repurposing ·        An STP (standards technical panel) has just been formed and will be initiating work on a first draft of the standard.

 

UL 9540 – Energy Storage Systems and Equipment http://ulstandards.ul.com/

 

•        Standard is published and is adopted by reference in model codes and other standards.

•        Proposal Submissions: Anyone can submit a proposal for a change to a UL Standard at any time.  All proposals must be submitted via the CSDS system.

•        PNNL and Sandia staff have developed a number of proposed changes to update and enhance the standard that are being reviewed by UL staff.

UL 1741 – Inverters, Converters, Controllers and Interconnection System Equipment for Use with Distributed Energy Resources http://ulstandards.ul.com/

 

•        Standard is published and is adopted by reference in model codes and other standards.

•        Proposal Submissions: Anyone can submit a proposal for a change to a UL Standard at any time.  All proposals must be submitted via the CSDS system.

 

UL 9741 – Bidirectional Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging System Equipment http://ulstandards.ul.com/ •        Standard is published and is adopted by reference in model codes and other standards.

•        Proposal Submissions: Anyone can submit a proposal for a change to a UL Standard at any time.  All proposals must be submitted via the CSDS system.

Other Documents (Guidelines, Best Practices, etc.)
DNVGL-RP-0043 Safety, operation and performance of grid-connected energy storage systems https://www.dnvgl.com/
  • Recommended Practice Published September 2017
Telcordia
Generic Requirement 63 (Issue 4) – Network Equipment Building Systems Requirements: Physical Protection (Section 4.4 of the standard covers seismic criteria) http://telecom-info.telcordia.com/

 

The updating of CS is very dynamic and through the ESS WG efforts associated with the above codes and standards as well as other relevant documents are being identified on a regular basis as well as updating of information related to all listed codes and standards. Note that the codes and standards covered above and shown below are considered key documents based on their scope and rate of adoption. In addition within these codes and standards there is a myriad of other standards that are adopted by reference; compounding the challenge of sorting out what is and is not key and then keeping current on the activities associated with each selected standard.  Those wanting additional detail are directed to:

Inventory of Safety-related Codes and Standards for Energy Storage Systems