Non-Vaporizing vs Vaporizing Sprays

High-Speed Schlieren Movies of Diesel Sprays
Parameter Non-vaporizing Vaporizing
Ambient O2 [%] 0 0
Ambient Temperature [K] 451 1000
Ambient Density [kg/m3] 30 29
ΔPinj [MPa] 138 139
Orifice Diameter [mm] 0.200 0.200
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Fuel is #2 diesel fuel. Injector tip to wall is 109 mm.

The vaporizing spray penetrates more slowly than the non-vaporizing spray. This is because the spray contracts as a result of cooling of hot entrained gases by fuel evaporation (Naber, 1996).