References

References related to engine combustion

Abraham J., Pickett L.M. (2010) "Computed and Measured Fuel Vapor Distribution in a Diesel Spray," Atomization and Sprays 20:241-250.

Alharbi A.Y., Sick V. (2010) "Investigation of boundary layers in internal combustion engines using a hybrid algorithm of high speed micro-PIV and PTV" Experiment in Fluids 49(4): 949-959, doi:10.1007/s00348-010-0870-8

Allison S.W., Gillies G.T. (1997) "Remote thermometry with thermographic phosphors: Instrumentation and applications", Review of Scientific Instruments 68(7):2615-2650.

Azimov U., Kawahara N., Tomita E., Tsuboi K. (2010) "Evaluation of the Flame Lift-off Length in Diesel Spray Combustion Based on Flame Extinction," Journal of Thermal Science and Technology, Vol. 5(2), pp. 238-251.

Baby X. (2002) "A New Methodology to Analyze Cycle-to-Cycle Aerodynamic Variations," SAE Paper 2002-01-2837.

Baert R., Frijters P., Somers B., Luijten C. (2009) "Design and operation of a high pressure, high temperature cell for HD diesel spray diagnostics: guidelines and results," SAE Paper 2009-01-0649.

Bajaj C., Abraham J., Pickett L.M. (2011) "The Role of Vaporization in Determining Transient Diesel Spray Structure," Paper to be presented at the 23rd annual ILASS Americas meeting, Ventura, CA, May 15-18.

Bardi M., Payri R., Malbec L.-M., Bruneaux G., Pickett L. M., Manin J., Bazyn T., and Genzale C.L. (2012). Engine Combustion Network (ECN): Comparison of Spray Development, Vaporization and Combustion in Different Combustion Vessels. Atomization and Sprays 22 (10):807-842.

Bazyn T., Martin G.C. (2011) "Spray combustion measurements in a flow-through high temperature, high pressure chamber," ILASS-Americas 23rd Annual Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems, Ventura, USA

Bekdemir C., Rijk E., Somers B., de Goey P. (2010) "On the Application of the Flamelet Generated Manifold (FGM) Approach to the Simulation of an Igniting Diesel Spray," SAE 2010-01-0358.

Benajes J., Payri R., Bardi M., and Martí-Aldaraví P. (2013) "Experimental characterization of diesel ignition and lift-off length using a single-hole ECN injector," Applied Thermal Engineering 58 (1-2):554-563.

Bermúdez V., Payri R., Salvador F.J., Plazas A.H. (2005) "Study of the influence of nozzle seat type on injection rate and spray behaviour," ImechE. Journal of automobile engineering. Part D, 219: 677-689.

Bizon K., et al. (2009) "POD-based analysis of cycle-to-cycle variations in an optically accessible diesel engine," Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 32(2):2809-2816.

Bizon K., et al. (2010) "POD-based analysis of combustion images in optically accessible engines," Combustion and Flame, 157:632-640.

Blessinger M., Meijer M., Pickett L.M., Manin J., and Skeen S., (2013) " Liquid/Vapor Penetration and Plume-Plume Interaction of Vaporization Iso-Octane and Ethanol SIDI Sprays", ILASS Americas, 25th Annual Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems, Pittsburgh, PA, May 2013.

Blessinger, M., Manin, J., Skeen, S.A., Meijer, M., Parrish, S., and Pickett, L.M., (2014) "Quantitative mixing measurements and stochastic variability of a vaporizing gasoline direct-injection spray," International Journal of Engine Research, DOI: 10.1177/1468087414531971. (link to web page)

Borghesia G., Mastorakos E., Devaud C.B., Bilger R.W. (2011) "Modelling evaporation effects in Conditional Moment Closure for spray autoignition," Combustion Theory and Modelling, in press, corr. auth: gb347@cam.ac.uk

Bruneaux G. (2008) "Combustion structure of free and wall-impinging diesel jets by simultaneous laser-induced fluorescence of formaldehyde, poly-aromatic hydrocarbons, and hydroxides," Int. J. Engine Research 9:249-265.

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Chatterjee A. (2000) "An introduction to the proper orthogonal decomposition," Current Science, 78:808-817.

Chen H., Reuss D.L., Sick V. (2011) "Analysis of misfires in a direct injection engine using Proper-Orthogonal Decomposition," Experiments in Fluids.

Cordier L., Bergmann M. (2003) "Proper Orthogonal Decomposition: an overview," in Lecture Series 2003-04 in VKI, Post-Processing of Experimental and Numerical Data.

Dec J.E. (1997) "A conceptual model of DI diesel combustion based on laser-sheet imaging." SAE Paper 970873.

d'Errico G., Ettorre D., Lucchini T. (2007) "Comparison of Combustion and Pollutant Emission Models for DI Diesel Engines," SAE 2007-24-0045.

d'Errico G., Ettorre D., Lucchini T. (2008) "Simplified and Detailed Chemistry Modeling of Constant-Volume Diesel Combustion Experiments," SAE Paper 2008-01-0954, SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. April 2009 1:452-465.

d'Errico G., Lucchini T., Montenegro G., Onarati A., Etorre D. (2008) "Fundamental and applied studies of detailed chemistry based models for diesel combustion," THIESEL 2008, Valencia, Spain.

d'Errico G., Lucchini T. (2011) "Validation of spray and combustion models for Diesel engines using constant-volume experiments," ILASS-Americas 23rd Annual Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems, Ventura, USA

Desantes J.M., Payri R., Pastor J.M., Gimeno J. (2005) "Experimental characterization of internal nozzle flow and diesel spray behavior. Part I: Non evaporative conditions.," Atomization and Sprays Vol 15(5): 489-516.

Dupont A., Paranthoen P., Lecordier J.C., Gajan P. (1984) "Influence of temperature on the frequency response of fine-wire thermocouples over the range (300 K-800 K) in airflows", J. Phys. E: Sci. Instrum., 17:808-812.

Espey C., Dec J.E., Litzinger T.A., Santavicca D.A. (1997) "Planar Laser Rayleigh Scattering for Quantitative Vapor-Fuel Imaging in a Diesel Jet" Combust. Flame 109:65. (Mixing Measurements by Rayleigh Scattering)

Fielding J., Frank J.H., Kaiser S.A., Smooke M.D., Long M.B. (2002) "Polarized/Depolarized Rayleigh Scattering for Determining Fuel Concentrations in Flames" Proc. Combust. Inst. 29:2703-2709. (Mixing Measurements by Rayleigh Scattering)

Gardiner Jr. W.C., Hikada Y., Tanzawa T. (1981) "Refractivity of combustion gases" Combust. Flame 40:213-219. (Mixing Measurements by Rayleigh Scattering)

Giannadakis E., Gavaises M., Theodorakakos A. (2009) "The influence of variable fuel properties in high-pressure diesel injectors," SAE Paper 2009-01-0832.

Gopalakrishnan V.,Abraham J. (2002) "An Investigation of Ignition Behavior in Diesel Sprays." Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 29:641-646.

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Higgins B., Siebers D.L. (2000) "Diesel-spray ignition and premixed burn behavior." SAE Paper 2000-01-0940. (Pressure-based Ignition Delay)

Higgins B., Siebers D.L. (2001) "Measurement of the flame lift-off location on DI diesel sprays using OH chemiluminescence." SAE Paper 2001-01-0918.

Holmes P.J., Lumley J.L., Berkooz G.(1996) "Turbulence, Coherent Structures, Dynamical Systems and Symmetry," Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Holmes P.J., et al. (1997) "Low-dimensional models of coherent structures in turbulence," Physics Reports, 1997. 287:337-384.

Idicheria C.A., Pickett L.M. (2005) "Soot formation in diesel combustion under high-EGR conditions." SAE Paper 2005-01-3834. (Soot)

Idicheria C.A., Pickett L.M. (2007) "Quantitative Mixing Measurements in a Vaporizing Diesel Spray by Rayleigh Imaging" SAE Paper 2007-01-0647. (Mixing Measurements by Rayleigh Scattering)

Jhavar R., Rutland C.J. (2006) "Using Large Eddy Simulations to Study Mixing Effects in Early Injection Diesel Engine Combustion," SAE Technical Paper 2006-01-0871, doi:10.4271/2006-01-0871.

JetSurF - A Jet Surrogate Fuel Model.

Jung, Y., Manin, J., Skeen, S., Pickett L.M. (2015) " Measurement of Liquid and Vapor Penetration of Diesel Sprays with a Transient Variation in Spreading Angle." SAE(in press). (links to high-speed Spray B movies)

Karrholm F.P., Tao F., Nordin N. (2008) "Three-Dimensional Simulation of Diesel Spray Ignition and Flame Lift-Off Using OpenFOAM and KIVA-3V CFD Codes," SAE Paper 2008-01-0961.

Kashdan J.T., Thirouard B. (2009) "A Comparison of Combustion and Emissions Behaviour in Optical and Metal Single-Cylinder Diesel Engines," SAE International Journal of Engines 2(1): 1857-1872.

Kastengren, A.L., Tilocco, F.Z., Powell, C.F., Manin, J., Pickett, L.M., Payri, R., and Bazyn, T. (2012) "Engine Combustion Network (ECN): Measurements of Nozzle Diameter and Hydraulic Behavior of Diesel Sprays," Atomization and Sprays, 19(11):1031-1044. (Spray A injector Nozzle Geometry or Spray B injector Nozzle Geometry)

Kastengren, A.L., Tilocco, F.Z., Duke, D.J., Powell, C.F., Moon, S., and Zhang, X.(2012) "Time-Resolved X-ray Radiography of Diesel Injectors from the Engine Combustion Network." ICLASS 2012.(link to web page)

Knox, B.W. Genzale, C.L., Pickett L.M., Garcia-Oliver, J., Tudela, W. (2015) " Combustion Recession after End of Injection in Diesel Sprays." SAE(in press). (links to high-speed movies)

Kook S., Pickett L.M., Musculus M.P.B., Gehmlich R.K. (2009) "Influence of Diesel Injection Parameters on End-of-Injection Liquid Length Recession," SAE Int. J. Engines 2:1194-1210, 2009 (Paper 2009-01-1356).

Kook S., Pickett L.M.(2010) "Effect of Ambient Temperature and Density on Diesel-Spray-Generated Shock Waves," Atomization and Sprays 20 (2):163-175.(link to web page)

Kook, S. and Pickett, L.M. (2012) " Soot Volume Fraction and Morphology of Conventional, Fischer-Tropsch, Coal-Derived, and Surrogate Fuel at Diesel Conditions," SAE Int.J.Fuels Lubr. 5(2):647-664, doi:10.4271/2012-01-0678.

Lillo, P.M., Pickett, L.M., Kook, S., Persson, H., and Andersson, Ö. (2012) "Diesel Spray Ignition Detection and Spatial/Temporal Correction," SAE Technical Paper 2012-01-1239.

Liu K., Haworth D.C. (2010) "Large-eddy simulation for an axisymmetric piston-cylinder assembly with and without swirl," Flow, Turbulence & Combustion 85:279-307

Liu K., Haworth D.C. (2011) "Development and Assessment of POD for Analysis of Turbulent Flow in Piston Engines," SAE Paper 2011-01-0830.

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,Physical and Life Sciences Directive.

Lucchini T., d'Errico G., Etorre D., Ferrari G. (2009) "Numerical Investigation of Non-Reacting and Reacting Diesel Sprays in Constant-Volume Vessels," SAE Paper 2009-01-1971, SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. October 2009 2:966-975.

Lucchini T., D’Errico G., Ettorre D. (2011) "Numerical investigation of the spray–mesh–turbulence interactions for high-pressure, evaporating sprays at engine conditions," International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, Vol. 32, pp. 285-297.

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Macian V., Bermúdez V., Payri R., Gimeno J. (2003) "New technique for the determination of the internal geometry of Diesel nozzle with the use of the silicone methodology," Experimental Techniques Vol 27 (2):39-43.

Malbec L.-M.,Bruneaux G. (2010) "Study of Air Entrainment of Multi-Hole Diesel Injection by Particle Image Velocimetry-Effect of Neighboring Jets Interaction and Transient Behavior After End of Injection," SAE Paper 2010-01-0342.

Manin, J., Bardi, M., and Pickett, L.M. (2012) "Evaluation of the liquid length via diffused back-illumination imaging in vaporizing diesel sprays," COMODIA.

Manin, J., Kastengren, A., and Payri, R. (2012) "Understanding the Acoustic Oscillations Observed in the Injection Rate of a Common-Rail Direct Injection Diesel Injector," Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 134, 122801.

Manin, J., Bardi, M., Pickett, L.M., Dahms, R., and Oefelein, J.C. (2012). "Development and mixing of diesel sprays at the microscopic level from low to high temperature and pressure conditions," Thiesel.(link to web page)

Manin, J., Bardi, M., Pickett, L.M., and Payri, R. (2013) "Boundary condition and fuel composition effects on injection processes of diesel sprays at the microscopic level," ILASS-Europe 2013, Chania, Greece.

Manin, J., Pickett, L.M., and Skeen, S.A. (2013) "Two-Color Diffused Back-Illumination Imaging as a Diagnostic for Time-Resolved Soot Measurements in Reacting Sprays," SAE Paper 2013-01-2548 - SAE Int. J. Engines, 6, 1908-1921.

Manin, J., Bardi, M., Pickett, L.M., Dahms, R., and Oefelein, J.C. (2013). "Microscopic investigation of the atomization and mixing processes of diesel sprays injected into high pressure and temperature environments," Submitted to Applied Energy.(link to web page)

M. Meijer, B. Somers, J. Johnson, J. Naber, S.-Y. Lee, L.-M. Malbec, G. Bruneaux, L. M. Pickett, M. Bardi, R. Payri, and T. Bazyn (2012) Engine Combustion Network (ECN): Characterization and Comparison of Boundary Conditions for Different Combustion Vessels. Atomization and Sprays 22 (9):777-806.

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Mueller C.J., Pitz W.J., Pickett L.M., Martin G.C., Siebers D.L., Westbrook C.K. (2003) "Effects of oxygenates on soot processes in DI diesel engines: Experimental and numerical simulations" SAE Paper 2003-01-1791.

Musculus M.P.B., Pickett L.M. (2005) "Diagnostic considerations for optical laser-extinction measurements of soot in high-pressure transient combustion environments." Combust. Flame 141:371-391.(Soot)

Musculus M.P.B., Lachaux T., Pickett L.M., Idicheria C.A. (2007) "End-of-injection over-mixing and unburned hydrocarbon emissions in low-temperature-combustion diesel engines," SAE Paper 2007-01-0907.

Musculus M.P.B., Kattke K. (2009) "Entrainment waves in diesel jets," SAE Int.J.Engines 2:1170-1193, SAE 2009-01-1355.

Naber J.D., Siebers D.L. (1996) "Effects of gas density and vaporization on penetration and dispersion of diesel sprays." SAE Paper 960034. (Gasoline Jet Penetration or High-Speed Movies & Flow Visualization or Pressure-based Ignition Delay)

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Payri F., Bermúdez V., Payri R., Salvador F. J. (2004) "The influence of cavitation on the internal flow and the spray characteristics in diesel injection nozzles," Fuel 83:419-431

Payri R., Molina S., Salvador F.J., Gimeno J. (2004) "A study of the relation between nozzle geometry, internal flow and sprays characteristics in diesel fuel injection systems," KSME Internacional Journal: 1222-1235.

Payri R., Garcia J.M., Salvador F.J., Gimeno J. (2005) "Using spray momentum flux measurements to understand the influence of diesel nozzle geometry on spray characteristics," Fuel 84:551-561.

Payri R., Salvador F.J., Gimeno J., Soare V. (2005) "Determination of diesel sprays characteristics in real engine in-cylinder air density and pressure conditions," Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology 19(11): 2040-2052.

Payri R., Salvador F.J., Gimeno J., Bracho G. (2008) "A new methodology for correcting the signal cumulative phenomenon on injection rate measurements," Experimental techniques Vol 32 (1):46-49.

Payri, R., Salvador, F.J., Gimeno, J., and Morena, de la J.(2008) "Macroscopic behavior of diesel sprays in the near-nozzle field," SAE Paper 2008-01-0929.

Payri R., Salvador F.J., Gimeno J., de la Morena J. (2009) "Effects of nozzle geometry on direct injection diesel engine combustion process," Applied Thermal Engineering, 29(10): 2051-2060

Payri R., Garcia J.M., Manin J., Bardi M. (2011) "Fuel temperature influence on Diesel sprays in reacting conditions," ILASS Americas, May 2011, Ventura CA

Payri R., Salvador F.J., Gimeno J., De la Morena J. (2011) "Influence of injector technology on injection and combustion development– Part 2: Combustion analysis," Applied Energy 88: 1130–1139

Peterson B., Reuss D.L., Sick V. (2011) "High-speed imaging analysis of misfires in a spray-guided direct injection engine," Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 33(2):3089-3096.

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Pei Y., Hawkes E. R., & Kook S. (2013) "A Comprehensive Study of Effects of Mixing and Chemical Kinetic Models on Predictions of n-heptane Jet Ignitions with the PDF Method," Flow, Turbulence and Combustion, DOI 10.1007/s10494-013-9454-z

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Pickett L.M., Siebers D.L. (2003) "Fuel effects on soot processes of fuel jets at DI diesel conditions." SAE Paper 2003-01-3080.

Pickett L.M., Siebers D.L. (2004) "Soot in diesel fuel jets: effects of ambient temperature, ambient density, and injection pressure." Combust. Flame 138:114-135. (Soot)

Pickett L.M., Siebers D.L., Idicheria C.A. (2005) "Relationship between ignition processes and the lift-off length of diesel fuel jets." SAE Paper 2005-01-3843.

Pickett L.M., Caton J.A., Musculus M.P.B., Lutz A.E.(2006) "Evaluation of the equivalence ratio-temperature region of diesel soot precursor formation using a two-stage Lagrangian model." Int. J. Engine Res. 7:349-370.

Pickett L.M., Siebers D.L. (2006) "Soot formation in diesel fuel jets near the lift-off length." (Soot)

Pickett L.M., Kook S., Williams T.C. (2009) "Visualization of Diesel Spray Penetration, Cool-Flame, Ignition, High-Temperature Combustion, and Soot Formation Using High-Speed Imaging," SAE Int. J. Engines 2:439-459, (Paper 2009-01-0658). (High-Speed Movies & Flow Visualization)

Pickett L.M., Kook S., Persson H., Andersson O. (2009) "Diesel fuel jet lift-off stabilization in the presence of laser-induced plasma ignition," Proc. Combust. Inst. 32:2793-2800.

Pickett L.M., Kook S., Williams T.C. (2009) "Transient liquid penetration of early-injection diesel sprays", SAE Paper 2009-01-0839.

Pickett L.M., Genzale C.L., Bruneaux G., Malbec L.-M., Hermant L., Christiansen C., Schramm J. (2010) "Comparison of diesel spray combustion in different high-temperature, high-pressure facilities" SAE Int. J. Engines 3(2):156-181 doi:10.4271/2010-01-2106.

Pickett L.M., Manin J., Genzale C.L., Siebers D.L., Musculus M.P.B., Idicheria C.A. (2011) "Relationship between diesel fuel spray vapor penetration/dispersion and local fuel mixture fraction," SAE Int. J. Engines 4(1):764-799 doi:10.4271/2011-01-0686.

Pickett, L.M., Genzale, C.L., Manin, J., Malbec, L.-M., and Hermant, L. (2011) "Measurement Uncertainty of Liquid Penetration in Evaporating Diesel Sprays," ILASS 2011-111.

Pickett, L.M., Manin, J., Payri, R., Bardi, M., Gimeno, J. (2013) "Transient Rate of Injection Effects on Spray Development," SAE 2013-24-0001.

Pickett, L.M., Manin, J., Kastengren, A.L., and Powell, C.F. (2014) "Comparison of Near-Field Structure and Growth of a Diesel Spray Using Light-Based Optical Microscopy and X-Ray Radiography," SAE 2014-01-1412.(link to web page)

Quan, S., Dai, M., Pomraning, E., Senecal, P. et al, "Numerical Simulations of Supersonic Diesel Spray Injection and the Induced Shock Waves," SAE Int. J. Engines 7(2):1054-1060, 2014, SAE 2014-01-1423.(LDM page or Shockwave page)

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Siebers D.L. (1998) "Liquid-phase fuel penetration in diesel sprays" SAE Paper 980809. (Siebers Liquid Penetration Length)

Siebers D.L. (1999) "Scaling liquid-phase fuel penetration in diesel sprays based on mixing-limited vaporization." SAE Paper 1999-01-0528.

Siebers D.L., Higgins B. (2001) "Flame lift-off on direct-injection diesel sprays under quiescent conditions." SAE Paper 2001-01-0530.

Siebers D.L., Higgins B., Pickett L.M. (2002) "Flame lift-off on direct-injection diesel fuel jets: oxygen concentration effects." SAE Paper 2002-01-0890.

Skeen S.A., Manin, J., Dalen, K.R., Pickett L.M. (2013) "Extinction-based imaging of soot processes over a range of diesel operating conditions." 8th U.S. National Combustion Meeting, May 19-22, 2013. (Please contact authors as this is a non-archival publication.)

Skeen S.A., Manin, J., Dalen, K.R., Ivarsson, A.I., Pickett L.M. (2014) "Quantitative spatially resolved measurements of total radiation in high-pressure spray flames." SAE Paper 2014-01-1252.

Skeen S.A., Manin, J., Pickett L.M. (2014) "Simultaneous formaldehyde PLIF and high-speed schlieren imaging for ignition visualization in high-pressure spray flames." Proceedings of the Combustion Institute (in press), 2014.(links to high-speed movies)

Som S., Aggarwal S.K. (2010) "Effects of primary breakup modeling on spray and combustion characteristics of compression ignition engines," Combustion and Flame, Vol. 157, pp 1179-1193.

Som S., Longman D.E., Luo Z., Plomer M., Lu T., Senecal P.K., Pomraning E. (2011) "Simulating flame lift-off characteristics of diesel and biodiesel fuels using detailed chemical-kinetic mechanisms and LES turbulence model," ICEF2011-60051, ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference, Morgantown, October 2011

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Turbulent Nonpremixed Flame Workshop.

Venugopal R., Abraham J. (2007) "A Review of Fundamental Studies Relevant to Flame Lift-Off in Diesel Jets." SAE Paper 2007-01-0134, SAE Transactions, Journal of Engines, 116:132-151.

Venugopal R., Abraham J. (2007) "A Numerical Investigation of Flame Lift-Off in Diesel Jets." Combustion Science and Technology, 179:2599-2618

Vishwanathan G., Reitz R. (2008) "Numerical Predictions of Diesel Flame Lift-off Length and Soot Distributions Under Low Temperature Combustion Conditions," SAE Paper 2008-01-1331.

Vishwanathan G., Reitz R. (2009) "Modeling soot formation using reduced polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon chemistry in n-heptane lifted flames with application to low temperature combustion," J. of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, Vol. 131, Article 032801-1.

Vishwanathan G., Reitz R. (2010) "Development of a practical soot modeling approach and its application to low temperature diesel combustion," Combustion Science and Technology,V.182 (8),pp. 1050-1082.

Wang Y., Ge H.-W., Reitz R. (2010) "Validation of Mesh- and Timestep-Independent Spray Models for Multidimensional Engine CFD Simulations," SAE paper 2010-01-0626, SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 277-302.

Williams, T.C., Shaddix, C.R., Jensen, K.A., and Suo-Anttila, J.M. (2007) "Measurement of the dimensionless extinction coefficient of soot within laminar diffusion flames," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 50:1616-1630. (Soot)

Zhu J., Choi M.Y., Mulholland G.W., Manzello S.L., Gritzo L.A., Suo-Anttila J. (2002) "Measurement of visible and near-IR optical properties of soot produced from laminar flames," Proc. Combust. Inst. 29:2367-2374. (Soot)