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Vol. 56, Special Issue        March 2004
[Sandia National Laboratories]

Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185-0165    ||   Livermore, California 94550-0969
Tonopah, Nevada; Nevada Test Site; Amarillo, Texas

Back to Lab News Sandia Labs Accomplishments 2004 index

Nonproliferation and assessments

Sandia began an important phase of the TOBOS program (Russian acronym for Safety and Security Technologies for Russian Warheads) to test technologies for enhanced warhead security and safety at Russian Ministry of Defense (MOD) sites. Construction of a unique test bed at the MOD's Weapon Safety and Security Technology Research Center in St. Petersburg was completed in 2003. Initial field trials were initiated to evaluate monitoring technologies in normal operational and storage environments, extreme environmental conditions, accident environments, and theft environments. (5300)

Ten MicroHound handheld explosive detection units have completed acceptance testing and have been delivered to a government customer. The MicroHound combines Center 4100's explosive sample collection and preconcentration technology with an Ion Mobility Spectrometer microsystem developed in Center 1700. The MicroHound is one-fourth the cost, one-third the weight (12 lb.), one-half the size, and has four times more single-charge operating life compared to competing products in the same performance class. (4100, 1700)

A prototype anti-neutrino detector was deployed and tested at the San Onofre Nuclear Power Station in Southern California. Data from the experimental series indicate this is a promising approach for monitoring the state of reactors. (8100)

Sandia has developed and built the first of a new generation of integrated microsystems for satellite applications. This microsystem provides a significant improvement in performance by processing data 10,000 times faster with dramatically reduced power consumption. This revolutionary packaging concept integrates a number of Sandia-developed technologies into a 3-D sensor package, which reduces both size and weight by a factor of 2,000. This technology is broadly applicable to other sensor array applications. (5700, 1700, 1800, 14100)

Sandia pursues technical options as a means of reducing tensions in the South Asian region. Sandia hosted retired Rear Admiral Vohra from India and Rear Admiral Ansari from Pakistan to conduct joint research on cooperative boundary delineation, enhanced maritime trade and port security, establishment of a fishermen zone of disengagement, and improved communication between India's Coast Guard and Pakistan's Maritime Security Agency. Influential retired naval officers from both India and Pakistan have supported the results of this work. (5300)

The Russian Transition Initiatives' first commercial joint venture was established by teaming Numotech (a US medical devices firm) with Spektr-Conversion (a Russian entrepreneurial start-up). The joint venture will design and manufacture medical equipment, components, and devices, and will employ up to 500 people, many of whom were previously employed in Russia's nuclear weapons program near the closed city of Snezhinsk. Sandia has been a key player in the improvement of Numotech's products and in the development of Spektr-Conversion's technical and business infrastructures. (5300, 15200)

On March 12, 2003, the Multispectral Thermal Imager (MTI) satellite exceeded its operational mission goal of three years. This satellite is a space-based research and development project sponsored by the NNSA Office of Nonproliferation Research and Engineering. MTI has completed more than 20,000 orbits and has gathered more than 8,500 images for a number of government researchers. Using MTI as a research and development platform, Sandia has developed a number of novel analysis techniques and tools for multispectral and thermal data. (2600, 5700, 6500, 9600, 14100)

Sandia provided physical protection training and technical expertise to the International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) International Physical Protection Advisory Service missions in Lithuania, Ukraine, and Turkey. Sandia supports the IAEA's effort to prevent sabotage of nuclear facilities and theft of materials from facilities around the world. Also, physical protection training courses were conducted in China for participants from five countries; in the Czech Republic for participants from eight countries; and in Albuquerque for participants from 26 countries. (5300)

The Ares lidar, a biological weapons standoff detection system developed for NNSA, successfully completed several weeks of extensive field test evaluation at Dugway Proving Ground, Utah. The Ares system was developed to provide advanced warning of biological weapons threats and is focused on homeland security applications. The system operates in an autonomous fashion scanning the horizon and providing near-real-time analyzed inputs. In November, a CRADA with Smiths Detection Edgewood was finalized to support transfer of this technology to industry. (1100, 2300, 5700, 8100)

The Sandia Multispectral Analyst Remote sensing Toolkit (SMART) was released under government license. This remote sensing science and exploitation work focused on exploitation algorithms and methods targeted at the analyst. SMART is a "plug-in" to commercial remote sensing software that provides algorithms to enhance the utility of the Multispectral Thermal Imager (MTI) and other multispectral satellite data. This toolkit has been licensed to 22 government organizations. (5700)

Sandia has completed fabrication of the first functional prototype of an enhanced optical radiometer for the nuclear detonation (NUDET) detection payloads developed for the next generation of GPS satellites. This sensor prototype has 4096 optical sensors in a 64x64 array. Signals from this detector array are sampled, digitized, and processed by 256 custom radiation-hardened application specific integrated circuits (ASICs) designed and fabricated at Sandia. This NNSA-funded sensor integrates a number of Sandia-developed technologies into a highly integrated multi-layer 3-D sensor package. (1700, 1800, 5700, 14100)

The final release of the Nuclear Verification Information Tool (NVITool) was delivered to the US State Department in August 2003. The NVITool was developed for the Bureau of Verification and Compliance for the Office of Nuclear Affairs (VC/NA), which is responsible for State's nuclear-test-verification activities. A web-based product, NVITool provides a wide range of capabilities associated with collection and tracking of nuclear weapons tests and preparations. With this added capability, the tool can be used for non-nuclear projects and workflow by other organization within the State Department. (5700, 6500)

Last modified: March 25, 2004


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