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Vol. 55, Special Issue        February 2003
[Sandia National Laboratories]

Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185-0165    ||   Livermore, California 94550-0969
Tonopah, Nevada; Nevada Test Site; Amarillo, Texas

Back to Lab News Sandia Labs Accomplishments 2003 index

Emerging threats

It is hard enough to watch where you step on a battlefield, but just try to watch what you breathe. This problem is addressed with the SnifferStar chemical sensor that mounts on a drone aircraft for remote surveillance of battlefield situations. Developed under a Shared Vision program with Lockheed Martin, the entire module weighs less than a golf ball and uses the motion of the craft to collect samples for analysis. SnifferStar is sensitive to both blister and nerve agents, but it ignores common interferents. (1700) Douglas Adkins, dradkin@sandia.gov

The Technology Demonstration 2 Flight Test, the objective of which was to develop and demonstrate impact control technologies (position and attitude) important for hard-target penetration, was successfully executed on July 27, 2002, when an F-16 carrying the flight test unit departed from Edwards AFB and released an inert bomb over Tonopah Test Range. The TD-2 unit flew a controlled flight profile using a GPS-aided inertial measurement unit to a pre-selected target point. It met impact requirements. (15400) David Keese, dlkeese@sandia.gov

To mitigate risk in the development of the Armyšs Future Combat Systems (FCS) (see illustration above), a distributed network-centric system-of-systems, Sandia is leading an integrated team of DOE and DoD labs to provide objective technical advice to the program office at DARPA. This year, the team has used innovative analytical processes to address system-of-systems concepts and provide technical guidance on critical problems including assuring mobility in mined areas, assuring combat identification, and assessing vulnerabilities. We are teaming with Boeing, the lead systems integrator, on Block I implementation. (6100, 6400, 6500, 9200, 15200, 15300) Russ Skocypec, rdskocy@sandia.gov

Sandia fielded a next-generation inertial navigation system for spinning vehicles in a National Missile Defense test. To meet program requirements, weight and volume were reduced to 7 pounds and 120 cubic inches, 50 percent lighter and smaller than our previous roll-stabilized navigation system. This new system, known as the GLNMAC (Gimballed LN200 with Miniature Airborne Computer), was successfully flown on Instrumented Flight Test 9, launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base Oct. 14, 2002. (2300, 15400) Andrew Cox, abcox@sandia.gov

An Intelligent Mobile Land Mine (IMLM) system has been developed to address the needs of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agencyšs Self-Healing Minefield Program. The IMLM system adds intelligence and mobility to antitank landmines allowing them to detect and heal minefield breaches. The IMLM units feature a combustion-based hopping mobility system, radio communication and acoustic ranging. Collective behavior algorithms govern unit movement in response to minefield breaches. The ten-unit IMLM System successfully performed breach-healing missions at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri in May 2002. (15200) Dan Schmitt, djschmi@sandia.gov

Sandiašs Rescue Recon team had a record number of EMS and HAZMAT calls in 2002. When the team was not helping Sandians, it assisted Kirtland and the FBI. Sandiašs team also developed and taught chem-bio classes for UNMH. This year, new emergency equipment and training was acquired to better respond to terrorism. Sandiašs responders attended radiation contamination classes and many more. In August, Rescue Recon flexed its muscles at the annual HAZMAT challenge in Los Alamos, placing third among 12 teams. Troy Hamby, thamby@sandia.gov

Sandia, Los Alamos, and Lawrence Livermore national labs teamed up to build a prototype for sustainable urban bio-surveillance and response systems. The prototype is the Bio Defense Initiative Testbed and is supported by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency and DOEšs Chemical and Biological National Security Program. We developed the innovative airport surveillance architecture that used wireless intelligent modules, early warning detectors, and aerosol bio-detectors; led the task to unify the independent systems and local infrastructure; incorporated the Rapid Syndrome Validation Project; and conducted advanced architecture studies. (5300, 8100, 8300, 8700, 8900, 9100) Duane Lindner, dllindn@sandia.gov

We have developed materials and techniques for fabricating insulating microvalves that can control high-pressure fluid flow and high voltages in microchannels. These microvalves function by opening and closing the microchannels in response to electrical or pressure inputs. By generating a hybrid system composed of glass microchannels, porous polymeric elements, and high-dielectric-strength interstitial liquid, currents induced by high-voltage inputs may also be controlled. Together, these capabilities allow for modular integration of multiple electrokinetic and chromatographic analyses on a single glass chip. (8300, 8700) Art Pontau, aeponta@sandia.gov

In October 2001, a bio-warfare attack on the US homeland occurred, with the sudden appearance of anthrax-contaminated letters sent through federal mail, demanding an immediate counter. At the request of DOE, Sandia worked with the United States Postal Service, the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and other federal agencies to develop an immediate response with irradiation sanitization. Sandiašs work included consultation to the federal agencies and industry, laboratory experiments and evaluations, radiation simulations, and continued system evaluations for the Postal Service. (15300, 8100, 2600, 1600, 1700, 3100, 5300) Bob Turman, bnturma@sandia.gov

Sandia delivered a space-qualified Radiation-Hardened Key Data Processor (RH-KDP) system design to the Air Force NAVSTAR Global Positioning System Joint Program Office. General Dynamics Decision Systems has integrated Sandiašs design into a Selective Availability Anti-Spoofing Module (SAASM) for space vehicle applications. Sandia is the sole supplier of NSA-endorsed terrestrial and space KDP designs, which implement the SAASM features mandated by the Joint Chiefs of Staff in order to enhance the security of all future military GPS receivers. (1700, 2300, 2600, 6500, 12300) Debby Kill, dljense@sandia.gov

The Sandia targets team provided successful target objects for the Missile Defense Agencyšs flight test program. A Sandia target reentry vehicle was successfully intercepted over the Pacific Ocean in a March 15, 2002, flight test. In addition, Sandia fielded target systems for the West Coast Risk Reduction Flight and Glory Trip 180 (GT-180). GT-180 featured two new Sandia target designs that provided an opportunity for collection of exoatmospheric IR and RF signatures. (1000, 2000, 5000, 7000, 9000, 14000, 15000) Bruce Swanson, beswans@sandia.gov

Sandiašs directed-energy group has successfully developed a highly compact high-voltage pulser capable of powering various directed-energy loads. The design uses Sandiašs pulsed power experience and combines a battery-driven power supply and Marx generator in producing its output pulse. This development effort has resulted in a battery-driven pulser capable of delivering a 30 GW drive to a load. This extremely compact, lightweight, and rugged approach will enable many future directed-energy systems that require portable high-power drivers. (15300) Guillermo Loubriel, gmloubr@sandia.gov Using technical assistance and advice provided by Sandia's Explosives Applications Dept. 15322 ‹ including on-the-ground support from Dale Preece ‹ the British Royal Engineers destroyed a cave complex on the border between the Paktika and Paktia provinces in Afghanistan on May 10, 2002. This Operation Enduring Freedom event was reportedly the largest explosion set off by the Royal Engineers since World War II. Rob Tachau, rdtha@sandia.gov

The US Armyšs Apache Recapitalization program is intended to reduce operating and support costs and improve readiness for the 700-plus units in use. Sandia has been requested to apply our reliability models and optimization tools to guide recapitalization investment decisions for a program that had a potential cost of $600 million. Sandiašs analyses has resulted in a recommendation that the program invest only $150 million in specific subsystems, resulting in a $183 million per year savings for the fleet, while increasing availability. Robert Cranwell, rmcranw@sandia.gov

We designed, fabricated, tested, and delivered to the US Army Nonstockpile Chemical Materiel program the second generation of Explosive Destruction Systems (EDS). The Army now possesses three operational systems ready to destroy legacy chemical warfare munitions wherever recovered in the United States that involve explosive quantities greater than one pound TNT equivalent. The fourth (and largest of the systems) can safely contain three-plus pounds of TNT equivalent and will now undergo Army tests at the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory in Porton-Down, England. (8100, 15300, 8700) Al McDonald, amcdona@sandia.gov

Sandia human-centered control systems allow first responders to perform remote inspection and render-safe operations. Tests at the Army's Maneuver Support Center demonstrated that combat engineers and chemical technicians could successfully perform remote operations such as fuse removal, trip-wire cutting, and sample collection using commercially available equipment retrofitted with Sandia software. These tests were done without rehearsal, in the field, and with one hour of training with the equipment. Such operations typically require intensive training for one week or more. Phil Bennett, pcbenne@sandia.gov

Last modified: March 14 , 2003

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